This research is being conducted  in cooperation with academics from King’s College, London, UK, over a period of 5 years (from 8 January 2017 until 7 January 2022), and examines what it means for persons with mental health problems to live in the community in urban and rural areas of the West Bank of the occupied Palestinian territory. We explore (1) what “community”, “independence” and “support” mean to people and how such understandings affect the lives of persons with mental health problems and their families; (2) how barriers and resources impact on the ability of individuals to access adequate support and to live in their communities; and (3) what specialized and non-specialized services are available to persons.