Journal Article

[Causes of drinking-water contamination in rain-fed cisterns in three villages in Ramallah and Al-Bireh District, Palestine]

2004
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Abstract
We studied the biological characteristics of drinking-water in three villages in Ramallah and al-Bireh district, by testing the total coliforms. Water samples were collected from rain-fed cisterns between October and November 2001. The results show that 87% of tested samples of drinking-water were highly contaminated and in need of coagulation, filtration and disinfection based on the World Health Organization guidelines for drinking-water, and 10.5% had low contamination and were in need of treatment by disinfection only. Only 2.5% of the tested samples were not contaminated and were suitable for drinking without treatment. The main cause of drinking-water con tamination was the presence of cesspits, wastewater and solid waste dumping sites near the cisterns.
Year
2004
Language
Arabic
Date Published
May
Volume
10
Pages
429-36
Accession Number
16212221
ISBN Number
1020-3397 (Print)1020-3397 (Linking)
Journal Name
East Mediterr Health J
Keywords
Water Microbiology
Causality
Colony Count
Microbial
Disinfection
Enterobacter
isolation & purification
Escherichia coli
Humans
Klebsiella
Middle East
Rain
microbiology
Sewage
Water Pollution
analysis
prevention & control
statistics & numerical data
Water Purification
Water Supply