@article {2587, title = {Long-Term Health Consequences of Movement Restrictions for Palestinians, 1987{\textendash}2011}, journal = {AJPH RESEARCH}, volume = {108}, year = {2018}, month = {01/2018}, pages = {77-83}, type = {Journal Article}, chapter = {77}, doi = {10.2105/AJPH.2017.304043}, author = {Clea A. McNeely and Brian K. Barber and Rita Giacaman and Robert F. Belli and Mahmoud Daher} } @article {2619, title = {Well-being and pressures of daily life in two West Bank villages{\textemdash}Exploring context and history}, journal = {International Journal of Psychology}, volume = {83}, year = {2018}, month = {06/2018}, pages = {505-519}, type = {Journal Article}, chapter = {505}, doi = {10.1002/ijop.12495}, author = {Yoke Rabaia and Joop de Jong and Anita Abdullah and Rita Giacaman and Peter van de Ven} } @article {2565, title = {The dilemmas of the European Union{\textquoteright}s open access to data policy}, journal = {The Lancet}, volume = {390}, year = {2017}, month = {07/2017}, pages = {122-123}, type = {Journal Article}, chapter = {122}, author = {Blandine Destremau and Rita Giacaman and Mona Harb and Linda Herrera and Maria Mexi and Suzan Mitwalli and Emma C Murphy and Yoke Rabaia and Lynn Welchman and Elena Zambelli} } @article {2585, title = {Health research in a turbulent region: the Reproductive Health Working Group}, volume = {25}, year = {2017}, month = {11/2017}, pages = {4-15}, type = {Journal Article}, doi = {0.1080/09688080.2017.1379864 }, url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09688080.2017.1379864}, author = {Jocelyn DeJong and Huda Zurayk and Cynthia Myntti and Belgin Tek{\c c}e and Rita Giacaman and Hyam Bashour and Atf Gh{\'e}rissi and Noha Gaballah} } @article {2469, title = {Contrasting cardiovascular mortality trends in Eastern Mediterranean populations: Contributions from risk factor changes and treatments}, journal = {International Journal of Cardiology}, year = {2016}, month = {01/2016}, chapter = {150{\textendash}161}, author = {Julia Critchley and Simon Capewell and Martin O{\textquoteright}Flaherty and Niveen Abu-Rmeileh and Samer Rastam and Olfa Saidi and Kaan S{\"o}zmen and Azza Shoaibi and Abdullatif Husseini and Fouad Fouad and Nadia Ben Mansour and Wafa Aissi and Habiba Ben Romdhane and Belgin Unal and Piotr Bandosz and Kathleen Bennett and Mukesh Dherani and Radwan Al Ali and Wasim Maziak and Hale Ar{\'y}k and Gul Gerceklioolu and Deniz Utku Altun and Hatice {\c S}im{\c s}ek and Sinem Doganay and Y{\"u}cel Demiral and {\"O}zg{\"u}r Aslan and Nigel Unwin and Peter Phillimore} } @article {2483, title = {Mental Suffering in Protracted Political Conflict: Feeling Broken or Destroyed}, journal = {PLOS One}, volume = {11}, year = {2016}, month = {05/2016}, doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0156216}, author = {Brian K Barber and Clea McNealy and Eyad El Sarraj and Mahmoud Daher and Rita Giacaman and Cairo Arafat and William Barnes and Mohammed Abu Mallouh} } @article {2482, title = {Whither the {\textquotedblleft}Children of the Stone{\textquotedblright}? An Entire Life under Occupation}, journal = {Journal of Palestine Studies}, volume = {45}, year = {2016}, month = {06/2016}, chapter = {77}, author = {Brian K Barber and Clea McNeely and Chenoa Allen and Rita Giacaman and Cairo Arafat and Mahmoud Daher and Eyad El-Sarraj and Mohammed Abu Mallouh and Robert F Belli} } @article {2410, title = {Availability and aff ordability of cardiovascular disease medicines and their eff ect on use in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: an analysis of the PURE study data}, journal = {The Lancet}, year = {2015}, month = {10/2015}, abstract = {

Summary
Background:\ WHO has targeted that medicines to prevent recurrent cardiovascular disease be available in 80\% of communities and used by 50\% of eligible individuals by 2025. We have previously reported that use of these medicines is very low, but now aim to assess how such low use relates to their lack of availability or poor affordability.

Methods:\ We analysed information about availability and costs of cardiovascular disease medicines (aspirin, ╬▓ blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and statins) in pharmacies gathered from 596 communities in 18 countries participating in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study. Medicines were considered available if present at the pharmacy when surveyed, and affordable if their combined cost was less than 20\% of household capacity-to-pay. We compared results from high-income, upper middle-income, lower middle-income, and low-income countries. Data from India were presented separately given its large, generic pharmaceutical industry.

Findings:\ Communities were recruited between Jan 1, 2003, and Dec 31, 2013. All four cardiovascular disease medicines were available in 61 (95\%) of 64 urban and 27 (90\%) of 30 rural communities in high-income countries, 53 (80\%) of 66 urban and 43 (73\%) of 59 rural communities in upper middle-income countries, 69 (62\%) of 111 urban and 42 (37\%) of 114 rural communities in lower middle-income countries, eight (25\%) of 32 urban and one (3\%) of 30 rural communities in low-income countries (excluding India), and 34 (89\%) of 38 urban and 42 (81\%) of 52 rural communities in India. The four cardiovascular disease medicines were potentially unaffordable for 0{\textperiodcentered}14\% of households in high-income countries (14 of 9934 households), 25\% of upper middle-income countries (6299 of 24 776), 33\% of lower middle-income countries (13 253 of 40 023), 60\% of low-income countries (excluding India; 1976 of 3312), and 59\% households in India (9939 of 16 874). In low-income and middle-income countries, patients with previous cardiovascular disease were less likely to use all four medicines if fewer than four were available (odds ratio [OR] 0{\textperiodcentered}16, 95\% CI 0{\textperiodcentered}04{\textendash}0{\textperiodcentered}57). In communities in which all four medicines were available, patients were less likely to use medicines if the household potentially could not afford them (0{\textperiodcentered}16, 0{\textperiodcentered}04{\textendash}0{\textperiodcentered}55).

Interpretation:\ Secondary prevention medicines are unavailable and unaffordable for a large proportion of communities and households in upper middle-income, lower middle-income, and low-income countries, which have very low use of these medicines. Improvements to the availability and affordability of key medicines is likely to enhance their use and help towards achieving WHO{\textquoteright}s targets of 50\% use of key medicines by 2025.

Funding:\ Population Health Research Institute, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario, AstraZeneca (Canada), Sanofi-Aventis (France and Canada), Boehringer Ingelheim (Germany and Canada), Servier, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, King Pharma, and national or local organisations in participating countries.

}, author = {Rasha Khatib and Martin McKee and Harry Shannon and Clara Chow and Sumathy Rangarajan and Koon Teo and Li Wei and Prem Mony and Viswanathan Mohan and Rajeev Gupta and Rajesh Kumar and Krishnapillai Vijayakumar and Scott A Lear and Rafael Diaz and Alvaro Avezum and Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo and Fernando Lanas and Khalid Yusoff and Noorhassim Ismail and Khawar Kazmi and Omar Rahman and Annika Rosengren and Nahed Monsef and Roya Kelishadi and Annamarie Kruger and Thandi Puoane and Andrzej Szuba and Jephat Chifamba and Ahmet Temizhan and Gilles Dagenais and Amiram Gafni and Salim Yusuf} } @article {2440, title = {A cross sectional study of maternal {\textquoteleft}near-miss{\textquoteright} cases in major public hospitals in Egypt, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria}, journal = {Pregnancy and Childbirth}, volume = {15}, year = {2015}, month = {11/2015}, abstract = {

}, doi = {10.1186/s12884-015-0733-7}, url = {http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/s12884-015-0733-7.pdf}, author = {Hyam Bashour and Ghada Saad-Haddad and Jocelyn DeJong and Mohammed Cherine Ramadan and Sahar Hassan and Miral Breebaart and Laura Wick and Nevine Hassanein and Mayada Kharouf} } @article {2458, title = {Facilitators working with the Multi-Family Approach: Part C Manual for Facilitators - Arabic }, year = {2015}, month = {12/2015}, institution = {War Trauma Foundation}, address = {The Netherlands}, author = {Trudy Mooren and Yoke van der Meulen and Marguerithe de Man and Relinde Reiffers and Ola Abu Salah and Ameenah Jabali and Manal Rawajbeh and Fathiya Abu Mazin and Iman Daraghmeh and Raja{\textquoteright} Alaza{\textquoteright}ar and Wisam Khatatbeh and Iman Odeh and Nabeela Ahmed and Nahreez Aoufi and Hala Bani Odeh and Jihan Alshouli and Rudaina Abu Jarad and Maha Huwwari and Fadia Mardawi} } @article {2454, title = {Facilitators working with the Multi-Family Approach: Part C Manual for Facilitators}, year = {2015}, month = {12/2015}, institution = {War Trauma Foundation}, address = {The Netherlands}, author = {Trudy Mooren and Yoke van der Meulen and Marguerithe de Man and Relinde Reiffers and Ola Abu Salah and Ameenah Jabali and Manal Rawajbeh and Fathiya Abu Mazin and Iman Daraghmeh and Raja{\textquoteright} Alaza{\textquoteright}ar and Wisam Khatatbeh and Iman Odeh and Nabeela Ahmed and Nahreez Aoufi and Hala Bani Odeh and Jihan Alshouli and Rudaina Abu Jarad and Maha Huwwari and Fadia Mardawi} } @article {2402, title = {A glance into the hidden burden of maternal morbidity and patterns of management in a Palestinian governmental referral hospital}, journal = {Women and Birth}, year = {2015}, month = {08/2015}, author = {Sahar J. Hassan and Laura Wick and Jocelyn DeJong} } @article {2456, title = {Organisations working with the Multi-Family Approach : Part A Arabic Manual for Organisations}, year = {2015}, month = {12/2015}, author = {Trudy Mooren and Yoke van der Meulen and Marguerithe de Man and Relinde Reiffers and Ola Abu Salah and Ameenah Jabali and Manal Rawajbeh and Fathiya Abu Mazin and Iman Daraghmeh and Raja{\textquoteright} Alaza{\textquoteright}ar and Wisam Khatatbeh and Iman Odeh and Nabeela Ahmed and Nahreez Aoufi and Hala Bani Odeh and Jihan Alshouli and Rudaina Abu Jarad and Maha Huwwari and Fadia Mardawi} } @article {2452, title = {Organisations working with the Multi-Family Approach : Part A Manual for Organisations - English}, year = {2015}, month = {2015}, institution = {War Trauma Foundation}, address = {The Netherlands}, author = {Trudy Mooren and Yoke van der Meulen and Marguerithe de Man and Relinde Reiffers and Ola Abu Salah and Ameenah Jabali and Manal Rawajbeh and Fathiya Abu Mazin and Iman Daraghmeh and Raja{\textquoteright} Alaza{\textquoteright}ar and Wisam Khatatbeh and Iman Odeh and Nabeela Ahmed and Nahreez Aoufi and Hala Bani Odeh and Jihan Alshouli and Rudaina Abu Jarad and Maha Huwwari and Fadia Mardawi} } @article {2457, title = {Trainers working with the Multi-Family Approach: Part B Manual for Trainers - Arabic }, year = {2015}, month = {12/2015}, institution = {War Trauma Foundation}, address = {The Netherlands}, author = {Trudy Mooren and Yoke van der Meulen and Marguerithe de Man and Relinde Reiffers and Ola Abu Salah and Ameenah Jabali and Manal Rawajbeh and Fathiya Abu Mazin and Iman Daraghmeh and Raja{\textquoteright} Alaza{\textquoteright}ar and Wisam Khatatbeh and Iman Odeh and Nabeela Ahmed and Nahreez Aoufi and Hala Bani Odeh and Jihan Alshouli and Rudaina Abu Jarad and Maha Huwwari and Fadia Mardawi} } @article {2453, title = {Trainers working with the Multi-Family Approach: Part B Manual for Trainers - ┘ĆEnglish}, year = {2015}, institution = {War Trauma Foundation}, address = {The Netherlands}, author = {Trudy Mooren and Yoke van der Meulen and Marguerithe de Man and Relinde Reiffers and Ola Abu Salah and Ameenah Jabali and Manal Rawajbeh and Fathiya Abu Mazin and Iman Daraghmeh and Raja{\textquoteright} Alaza{\textquoteright}ar and Wisam Khatatbeh and Iman Odeh and Nabeela Ahmed and Nahreez Aoufi and Hala Bani Odeh and Jihan Alshouli and Rudaina Abu Jarad and Maha Huwwari and Fadia Mardawi} } @article {2352, title = {Human insecurity, chronic economic constraints and health in the occupied Palestinian territory}, journal = {Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice}, year = {2014}, month = {2014}, author = {McNeely, Clea. and Barber, Brian K. and Spellings, Carolyn. and Giacaman, R. and Arafat, Cairo. and Daher, Mahmoud. and El Sarraj and Abu Mallouh, Mm.} } @article {2395, title = {Politics drives human functioning, dignity, and quality of life}, journal = {Social Science \& Medicine}, volume = {122}, year = {2014}, chapter = {90}, author = {Brian K. Barber and Carolyn Spellings and Clea McNeely and Paul D. Page and Rita Giacaman and Cairo Arafat and Mahmoud Daher and Eyad El Sarraj and Mohammed Abu Mallouh} } @article {2375, title = {Child discipline in the occupied Palestinian territory: a cross-sectional study}, journal = {The Lancet}, volume = {382}, year = {2013}, pages = {S34}, isbn = {0140-6736}, author = {Shojaia, Haya. and Darwish, Hiba. and Hassan, Itaf. and Ghandour, Rula. and Mansour, Safa. and Giacaman, Rita.} } @article {2353, title = {Prediction of health with human insecurity and chronic economic constraints in the occupied Palestinian territory: a cross-sectional survey}, journal = {The Lancet}, volume = {382}, year = {2013}, pages = {S25}, isbn = {0140-6736}, author = {McNeely, Clea. and Barber, Brian K. and Spellings, Carolyn. and Giacaman, Rita. and Arafat, Cairo. and El Sarraj, Eyad. and Daher, Mahmoud. and Mallouh, Mohammed Abu.} } @article {2238, title = {Smoking among adolescents and teenagers living under conflict: cross-sectional surveys in three settings }, journal = {the Lancet online}, year = {2011}, author = {Abu Rmeileh, N. and Alderete, E. and Duquel, LF. and Montoya, N. and Perez-Stable, E. and Husseini, A.} } @article {2346, title = {The health-care system: an assessment and reform agenda}, journal = {Lancet}, volume = {373}, number = {9670}, year = {2009}, note = {Mataria, Awad
Khatib, Rana
Donaldson, Cam
Bossert, Thomas
Hunter, David J
Alsayed, Fahed
Moatti, Jean-Paul
Review
England
Lancet
Lancet. 2009 Apr 4;373(9670):1207-17. Epub 2009 Mar 4.}, month = {Apr 4}, pages = {1207-17}, edition = {2009/03/10}, abstract = {

Attempts to establish a health plan for the occupied Palestinian territory were made before the 1993 Oslo Accords. However, the first official national health plan was published in 1994 and aimed to regulate the health sector and integrate the activities of the four main health-care providers: the Palestinian Ministry of Health, Palestinian non-governmental organisations, the UN Relief and Works Agency, and a cautiously developing private sector. However, a decade and a half later, attempts to create an effective, efficient, and equitable system remain unsuccessful. This failure results from arrangements for health care established by the Israeli military government between 1967 and 1994, the nature of the Palestinian National Authority, which has little authority in practice and has been burdened by inefficiency, cronyism, corruption, and the inappropriate priorities repeatedly set to satisfy the preferences of foreign aid donors. Although similar problems exist elsewhere, in the occupied Palestinian territory they are exacerbated and perpetuated under conditions of military occupation. Developmental approaches integrated with responses to emergencies should be advanced to create a more effective, efficient, and equitable health system, but this process would be difficult under military occupation.

}, keywords = {*Health Planning Guidelines, Developing Countries, Efficiency, Organizational, Forecasting, Health Care Reform/*organization \& administration, Health Planning Technical Assistance, Health Services Accessibility/organization \& administration, Health Status Indicators, Health Transition, Humans, Interinstitutional Relations, Middle East, National Health Programs/*organization \& administration, Needs Assessment/*organization \& administration, Organizational Objectives, Organizations/organization \& administration, Politics, Relief Work/organization \& administration, United Nations/organization \& administration, War}, isbn = {1474-547X (Electronic)
0140-6736 (Linking)}, author = {Mataria, A. and Khatib, R. and Donaldson, C. and Bossert, T. and Hunter, D. J. and Alsayed, F. and Moatti, J. P.} } @article {2340, title = {Medicine utilisation review in selected non-governmental organisations primary healthcare clinics in the West Bank in Palestine}, journal = {Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf}, volume = {17}, number = {11}, year = {2008}, note = {Khatib, R
Daoud, A
Abu-Rmeileh, N M E
Mataria, A
McCaig, D
England
Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2008 Nov;17(11):1123-30.}, month = {Nov}, pages = {1123-30}, edition = {2008/09/26}, abstract = {

BACKGROUND: Information on prescribing practices in Palestine is lacking, however, still essential for strategic planning. PURPOSE: To characterise prescribing patterns and specific medicine use indicators in selected non-governmental organisations{\textquoteright} (NGO) primary healthcare clinics/centres (PHC) in the West Bank (WB) in Palestine. METHODOLOGY: A prospective cross-sectional survey of prescribing practices based on medical records of 6032 patients with acute symptoms frequenting 41 NGO PHCs in the WB, between July and September 2004. A systematic random sample of every 10th patient appearing on the patient registration list was selected. Direct observation of consultation and dispensing practices and times in a sub-group of patients was completed utilising special forms. RESULTS: Respiratory tract infections were the most commonly occurring conditions. On average, 1.9 drugs were prescribed per encounter and antibiotics were the most commonly prescribed medications, followed by Analgesics and NSAIDs accounting for 46 and 20\% of the total medications expenditures, respectively. Injections and combined medications use per encounter was 16 and 8\%, respectively. Most commonly prescribed medications were of local production. Consultation (6.4 +/- 4.6 minutes) and dispensing times (1.6 +/- 1.5 minutes) were short with inadequate labelling. Provision of reference sources and treatment guidelines implementation were also inadequate. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that prescribing practices could be improved through wider implementation of treatment guidelines, a review of antibiotic prescribing, and increased time spent with patients to promote concordance. Strategies aimed at improving prescribing and dispensing practices should be addressed through new innovative capacity building models based on problem solving and feedback mechanisms.

}, keywords = {*Ambulatory Care Facilities/economics/statistics \& numerical data, *Arabs/statistics \& numerical data, *Drug Utilization Review, *Physician{\textquoteright}s Practice Patterns/statistics \& numerical data, *Primary Health Care/economics/statistics \& numerical data, *Private Sector/economics/statistics \& numerical data, Adolescent, Adult, Cross-Sectional Studies, Drug Costs, Drug Labeling, Female, Guideline Adherence, Humans, Male, Middle East, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Prescription Drugs/economics/*therapeutic use, Prospective Studies, Quality of Health Care, Referral and Consultation, Young Adult}, isbn = {1099-1557 (Electronic)
1053-8569 (Linking)}, author = {Khatib, R. and Daoud, A. and Abu-Rmeileh, N. M. and Mataria, A. and McCaig, D.} } @article {2347, title = {Demand assessment and price-elasticity estimation of quality-improved primary health care in Palestine: a contribution from the contingent valuation method}, journal = {Health Econ}, volume = {16}, number = {10}, year = {2007}, note = {Mataria, Awad
Luchini, Stephane
Daoud, Yousef
Moatti, Jean-Paul
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov{\textquoteright}t
England
Health economics
Health Econ. 2007 Oct;16(10):1051-68.}, month = {Oct}, pages = {1051-68}, edition = {2007/02/13}, abstract = {

This paper proposes a new methodology to assess demand and price-elasticity for health care, based on patients{\textquoteright} stated willingness to pay (WTP) values for certain aspects of health care quality improvements. A conceptual analysis of how respondents consider contingent valuation (CV) questions allowed us to specify a probability density function of stated WTP values, and consequently, to model a demand function for quality-improved health care, using a parametric survival approach. The model was empirically estimated using a CV study intended to assess patients{\textquoteright} values for improving the quality of primary health care (PHC) services in Palestine. A random sample of 499 individuals was interviewed following medical consultation in four PHC centers. Quality was assessed using a multi-attribute approach; and respondents valued seven specific quality improvements using a decomposed valuation scenario and a payment card elicitation technique. Our results suggest an inelastic demand at low user fees levels, and when the price-increase is accompanied with substantial quality-improvements. Nevertheless, demand becomes more and more elastic if user fees continue to rise. On the other hand, patients{\textquoteright} reactions to price-increase turn out to depend on their level of income. Our results can be used to design successful health care financing strategies that include a consideration of patients{\textquoteright} preferences and financial capacities.

}, keywords = {*Models, Econometric, Adult, Attitude of Health Personnel, Female, Health Services Accessibility/economics, Humans, Male, Middle East, Physician-Patient Relations, Primary Health Care/*economics, Quality of Health Care/*economics, Socioeconomic Factors}, isbn = {1057-9230 (Print)
1057-9230 (Linking)}, author = {Mataria, A. and Luchini, S. and Daoud, Y. and Moatti, J. P.} } @article {2276, title = {Evaluation of dental waste management in two cities in Palestine}, journal = {East Mediterr Health J}, volume = {12 Suppl 2}, year = {2006}, note = {Darwish, R O
Al-Khatib, I A
Evaluation Studies
Egypt
Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
East Mediterr Health J. 2006;12 Suppl 2:S217-22.}, pages = {S217-22}, edition = {2007/03/17}, abstract = {

Disposal of dental waste was investigated at 37 randomly selected clinics in Ramallah and AI-Bireh cities: 31 private practices and 6 public/NGO clinics. Dentists were interviewed regarding their disposal of different forms of dental waste. Disinfectants and X-ray processing solution were thrown down the drain. For sharps, 13.5\% of dentists used puncture-resistant containers (only in the public/ NGO clinics), 45.9\% discarded needles directly in the garbage after being recapped and 40.5\% placed the used needles and blades in closed plastic bottles before throwing in the general garbage. Blood-soaked dressings and amalgam waste were also thrown in the garbage. While 10.75\% of dentists were vaccinated against hepatitis B, 47\% of the staff at private clinics were not.

}, keywords = {*Attitude of Health Personnel, *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Ambulatory Care Facilities, data, Dental Staff/statistics \& numerical data, Dental Waste/adverse effects/*prevention \& control/statistics \& numerical, Dentists/*psychology, Disinfection/methods, Health Services Needs and Demand, Hepatitis B/prevention \& control, Humans, Medical Waste Disposal/*methods/standards, Middle East, Occupational Health/statistics \& numerical data, Private Practice, Questionnaires, Urban Health Services, Vaccination/statistics \& numerical data}, isbn = {1020-3397 (Print)
1020-3397 (Linking)}, author = {Darwish, R. O. and Al-Khatib, I. A.} } @article {2530, title = {Between Personal Experience and Communal History: Health Perceptions and Attitudes toward Health Services in Two Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon}, year = {2005}, institution = {The Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University}, address = {Ramallah, Palestine}, author = {Giulia El Dardiry} } @article {2531, title = {Between Personal Experience and Communal History: Health Perceptions and Attitudes toward Health Services in Two Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon}, year = {2005}, institution = {The Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University}, address = {Ramallah, Palestine}, author = {Giulia El Dardiry} } @article {2293, title = {Establishing a mental health system in the Occupied Palestinian Territories}, journal = {Bulletin of the Board of International Affairs of the Royal College of Psychiatrists}, number = {9}, year = {2005}, pages = {16-18}, author = {Giacaman, Rita. and Arya, Neil. and Derek, Summerfield.} } @article {2266, title = {Seasonal variation of bacteriological and chemical quality of drinking water: a case study in a Palestinian district}, journal = {Water and Environment Journal}, volume = {19}, number = {3}, year = {2005}, pages = {154{\textendash}158}, author = {Al-Khatlb,I A. and Daoud,F. and Rasmawl, F. and S. Wa{\textquoteright}rra, and Kassabry, M.} } @article {2260, title = {Assessment of waste amalgam management in dental clinics in Ramallah and al-Bireh cities in Palestine}, journal = {Int J Environ Health Res}, volume = {14}, number = {3}, year = {2004}, note = {Al-Khatib, Issam A
Darwish, Rana
England
International journal of environmental health research
Int J Environ Health Res. 2004 Jun;14(3):179-83.}, month = {Jun}, pages = {179-83}, edition = {2004/06/19}, abstract = {

The behavior of dental health personnel was examined with regard to the handling and proper disposal of wastes generated at common dental clinics, and some of the amounts of waste they produce were estimated. In January 2002, a random sample of 37 dental clinics was chosen in the cities of Ramallah and al-Bireh. The visited clinics were distributed between 31 private practices and six public/NGO dental clinics. The dentists were asked about the methods they follow in disposing and discarding of amalgam wastes. An average dentist is estimated to place two small, seven medium and nine large amalgam restorations releasing 22.6 grams of mercury each week. The majority of amalgam wastes ended up in trash or drain.

}, keywords = {*Dental Amalgam, Dental Waste/*statistics \& numerical data, Dentists/*statistics \& numerical data, Environmental Pollution/*prevention \& control, Humans, Medical Waste Disposal/*statistics \& numerical data, Middle East/epidemiology}, isbn = {0960-3123 (Print)
0960-3123 (Linking)}, author = {Al-Khatib, I. A. and Darwish, R.} } @article {2344, title = {A stated preference approach to assessing health care-quality improvements in Palestine: from theoretical validity to policy implications}, journal = {J Health Econ}, volume = {23}, number = {6}, year = {2004}, note = {Mataria, Awad
Donaldson, Cam
Luchini, Stephane
Moatti, Jean-Paul
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov{\textquoteright}t
Netherlands
Journal of health economics
J Health Econ. 2004 Nov;23(6):1285-311.}, month = {Nov}, pages = {1285-311}, edition = {2004/11/24}, abstract = {

User fees have been promoted as a potential complementary funding mechanism for health care in developing countries. In this paper, we appraise the use of contingent valuation (CV) as a tool to help develop user fees schemes that could be used to assist in allocating, and partially fund, health care. A random sample of 499 patients seeking care in primary health care centers, in Palestine, were asked to reveal their willingness to pay values for specified improvements in the quality of delivered medical care. Empirical analysis suggests that, in this context, CV can lead to internally consistent results and useful policy implications.

}, keywords = {*Attitude to Health/ethnology, *Financing, Personal, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Arabs, Fees and Charges, Female, Health Policy, Humans, Male, Middle East, Models, Econometric, Primary Health Care/*economics, Quality of Health Care/*economics, Regression Analysis, Reproducibility of Results}, isbn = {0167-6296 (Print)
0167-6296 (Linking)}, author = {Mataria, A. and Donaldson, C. and Luchini, S. and Moatti, J. P.} } @article {2314, title = {The impact of the intifada on the health of a nation}, journal = {Med Confl Surviv}, volume = {18}, number = {3}, year = {2002}, note = {Halileh, Samia O
Daoud, Amal R
Khatib, Rana A
Mikki-Samarah, Nahed S
England
Medicine, conflict, and survival
Med Confl Surviv. 2002 Jul-Sep;18(3):239-48.}, month = {Jul-Sep}, pages = {239-48}, edition = {2002/08/31}, abstract = {

This article describes the nature and extent of non-fatal injuries sustained by Palestinians during the first three months of the second intifada in late 2000 by looking at two sets of data. 10,279 cases were obtained from the records of the Red Crescent Organization, which provides first level emergency care via ambulance crews in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. For 6,071 cases in the West Bank, additional information was available from the Ministry of Health, which keeps records of first and second emergency level care provided at hospitals and health points. The Ministry of Health cases were classified by type of weapon, site of injury and level of treatment provided. Fifty-eight per cent of injuries occurred in young men 18-34 years, but 25 per cent occurred in school children, ten per cent in people over 50 years and five per cent in females. Fifty-nine per cent of the injuries were caused by bullets and 76 per cent of these affected the upper part of the body; 13.4 per cent of the injuries were severe, with major implication for disability and the need for long-term care and support.

}, keywords = {*War, Adolescent, Adult, Arabs, Child, Female, Humans, Israel, Male, Middle Aged, Middle East/epidemiology, Wounds and Injuries/*epidemiology, Wounds, Gunshot/epidemiology}, isbn = {1362-3699 (Print)
1362-3699 (Linking)}, author = {Halileh, S. O. and Daoud, A. R. and Khatib, R. A. and Mikki-Samarah, N. S.} }