@article {2704, title = {Child abuse in the West Bank of the occupied Palestinian territory (WB/oPt): social and political determinants}, journal = {BMC Public Health}, volume = {20}, year = {2020}, month = {07/2020}, type = {Journal Article}, issn = {1471-2458}, doi = {10.1186/s12889-020-09251-x}, author = {Nouh Harsha and Margaret A. Lynch and Rita Giacaman} } @article {2671, title = {Cardiovascular disease research in the Arab world: a scoping review from seven Arab countries (2000e2018)}, journal = {Public Health}, volume = {175}, year = {2019}, month = {08/2019}, pages = {36-42}, type = {Journal Article}, chapter = {36}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.06.007}, author = {Rula Ghandour and Abdullatif Husseini and Abla M Sibai and Niveen Abu-Rmeileh} } @article {2641, title = {Context-led capacity building in time of crisis: fostering non-communicable diseases (NCD) research skills in the Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa}, journal = {Global Health Action}, volume = {12}, year = {2019}, month = {02/2019}, type = {Journal Article}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2019.1569838}, author = {Peter Phillimore and Abla M. Sibai and Anthony Rizk and Wasim Maziak and Belgin Unal and Niveen Abu Rmeileh and Habiba Ben Romdhane and Fouad M. Fouad and Yousef Khader and Kathleen Bennett and Shahaduz Zaman and Awad Mataria and Rula Ghandour and B{\"u}lent K{\i}l{\i}{\c c} and Nadia Ben Mansour and Ibtihal Fadhil and Martin and Simon Capewell and Julia A. Critchley} } @article {2628, title = {Complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus inRamallah and al-Bireh: The Palestinian DiabetesComplications and Control Study (PDCCS)}, journal = {Primary Care Diabetes}, year = {2018}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2018.07.002}, author = {Rula Ghandour and Nahed Mikki and Niveen Abu Rmeileh and Lars Jerd{\'e}n and Margareta Norberg and Jan Erikssond and Abdullatif Husseini} } @article {2588, title = {Coping and Helping to Cope: Perspectives of Children of Palestinian Political Detainees}, journal = {Children and Society}, year = {2018}, month = {01/2018}, type = {Journal Article}, doi = {DOI:10.1111/chso.12263}, author = {Yoke Rabaia and Samar Kassis and Zeina Amro and Rita Giacaman and Ria Reis} } @article {2526, title = {Challenges to conducting epidemiology research in chronic conflict areas: examples from PURE- Palestine}, journal = {Conflict and Health}, volume = {10}, year = {2017}, month = {02/2017}, type = {Journal Article}, doi = {10.1186/s13031-016-0101-x}, url = {http://conflictandhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13031-016-0101-x}, author = {Rasha Khatib and Rita Giacaman and Umaiyeh Khammash and Salim Yusuf} } @article {2584, title = {Coping with cancer diagnosis and treatment: a comparative study on women with breast cancer in Turkey and occupied Palestinian territory}, journal = {Reproductive Health Matters}, volume = {25}, year = {2017}, month = {11/2017}, pages = {35-46}, issn = { 0968-8080 (Print) 1460-9576 (Online)}, doi = {10.1080/09688080.2017.1378066 }, url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09688080.2017.1378066}, author = {Ay{\c s}ecan Terzio{\u g}lu and Weeam Hammoudeh} } @article {2463, title = {Cancer mortality in the West Bank, Occupied Palestinian Territory}, journal = {Bio Med Central Public Health}, volume = {16}, year = {2016}, month = {12/2015}, author = {Niveen M. E. Abu-Rmeileh and Emilio Antonio Luca Gianicolo and Antonella Bruni and Suzan Mitwali and Maurizio Portaluri and Jawad Bitar and Mutaem Hamad and Rita Giacaman and Maria Angela Vigotti} } @article {2469, title = {Contrasting cardiovascular mortality trends in Eastern Mediterranean populations: Contributions from risk factor changes and treatments}, journal = {International Journal of Cardiology}, year = {2016}, month = {01/2016}, chapter = {150{\textendash}161}, author = {Julia Critchley and Simon Capewell and Martin O{\textquoteright}Flaherty and Niveen Abu-Rmeileh and Samer Rastam and Olfa Saidi and Kaan S{\"o}zmen and Azza Shoaibi and Abdullatif Husseini and Fouad Fouad and Nadia Ben Mansour and Wafa Aissi and Habiba Ben Romdhane and Belgin Unal and Piotr Bandosz and Kathleen Bennett and Mukesh Dherani and Radwan Al Ali and Wasim Maziak and Hale Ar{\'y}k and Gul Gerceklioolu and Deniz Utku Altun and Hatice {\c S}im{\c s}ek and Sinem Doganay and Y{\"u}cel Demiral and {\"O}zg{\"u}r Aslan and Nigel Unwin and Peter Phillimore} } @article {2440, title = {A cross sectional study of maternal {\textquoteleft}near-miss{\textquoteright} cases in major public hospitals in Egypt, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria}, journal = {Pregnancy and Childbirth}, volume = {15}, year = {2015}, month = {11/2015}, abstract = {

}, doi = {10.1186/s12884-015-0733-7}, url = {http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/s12884-015-0733-7.pdf}, author = {Hyam Bashour and Ghada Saad-Haddad and Jocelyn DeJong and Mohammed Cherine Ramadan and Sahar Hassan and Miral Breebaart and Laura Wick and Nevine Hassanein and Mayada Kharouf} } @article {2342, title = {A cost effectiveness analysis of salt reduction policies to reduce coronary heart disease in four eastern Mediterranean countries}, journal = {PLOS}, year = {2014}, author = {Mason, H. and Shoaibi, A. and Ghandour, Rula. and O{\textquoteright}Flaherty, M. and Capewell, M. and Khatib, R. and Jabr, S. and Unal B. and Sozmen, K. and Arfa, W. and Ben Romdhane, H. and Fouad, F. and Al-Ali, R. and Husseini, Abdullatif.} } @article {2375, title = {Child discipline in the occupied Palestinian territory: a cross-sectional study}, journal = {The Lancet}, volume = {382}, year = {2013}, pages = {S34}, isbn = {0140-6736}, author = {Shojaia, Haya. and Darwish, Hiba. and Hassan, Itaf. and Ghandour, Rula. and Mansour, Safa. and Giacaman, Rita.} } @article {2267, title = {Cognitive caregiving for parents in the occupied Palestinian territory: a cross-sectional survey}, journal = {The Lancet}, volume = {382}, year = {2013}, pages = {S5}, isbn = {0140-6736}, author = {Al-Shami, Ni{\textquoteright}meh A. and El-Sughayyar, Ronal H. and Ghaben, Niveen M. and Khasseeb, Najla S. and Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E. and Ghandour, Rula. and Giacaman, Rita.} } @article {2218, title = {Caring for people with intellectual disability. A household survey in 13 locales in the vicinity of Star Mountain}, year = {2012}, institution = {Institute of Community and Public Health in cooperation with Star Mountain Rehabilitation Center, Birzeit University
}, address = {Palestine} } @article {2216, title = {Code of ethics for Community based Rehabilitation (CBR), Community based Rehabilitation}, year = {2011}, institution = {Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University}, address = {Palestine} } @article {2368, title = {The challenges of academic and community partnerships under military occupation and the complexity of power relations}, journal = {Intervention}, year = {2010}, author = {Rabaia, Y. and Nguyen-Gillham, V.} } @article {2382, title = {Checkpoints on the long road to Palestinian women{\textquoteright}s health}, year = {2010}, author = {Wick, L.} } @article {2362, title = {Child health in the West Bank: Experiences from implementing a paediatric course for Palestinian doctors and nurses working in primary care}, journal = {Med Teach}, volume = {32}, number = {11}, year = {2010}, note = {Morris, Alistair
Rudolf, Mary
Halileh, Samia
Odeh, Jumana
Bowyer, Jean
Waterston, Tony
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov{\textquoteright}t
England
Medical teacher
Med Teach. 2010;32(11):e486-91.}, pages = {e486-91}, edition = {2010/11/03}, abstract = {

Child health issues are of high importance in the occupied Palestinian territories, where half of the population are children. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health have developed a comprehensive paediatric training programme for primary healthcare providers with the aim of improving child health in the area. The course has taken 8 years to develop with the pilot running in 2005-2007 and is now being extended to other centres in the region. In this article, we describe the process through which this course has developed, some of the difficulties faced and the final teaching programme as it has evolved. A number of lessons have been learnt, over the years, which are of potential value to others designing similar teaching programmes. Its greatest strength lies in the partnership developed with local paediatricians, which encourages us to believe that sustainability has been achieved. Evaluation confirms that the course is meeting the needs of local doctors and nurses and improving their paediatric skills. Although developed specifically for the occupied Palestinian territory, our experience offers a process and design for a teaching programme that could be adapted for use in other countries around the world.

}, isbn = {1466-187X (Electronic)
0142-159X (Linking)}, author = {Morris, A. and Rudolf, M. and Halileh, S. and Odeh, J. and Bowyer, J. and Waterston, T.} } @article {2358, title = {Caesarean delivery rates, determinants and indications in Makassed Hospital, Jerusalem 1993 and 2002}, journal = {East Mediterr Health J}, volume = {15}, number = {4}, year = {2009}, note = {Mikki, N
Abu-Rmeileh, N M E
Wick, L
Abu-Asab, N
Hassan-Bitar, S
Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov{\textquoteright}t
Egypt
Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
East Mediterr Health J. 2009 Jul-Aug;15(4):868-79.}, month = {Jul-Aug}, pages = {868-79}, edition = {2010/03/02}, abstract = {

This study investigated the rising rate of caesarean section (CS) deliveries between 1993 and 2002 (9.4\% to 14.4\%) and associated factors, including indications for CS and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics based on the register of a major Palestinian teaching hospital. Instrumental deliveries declined from 12.6\% to 4.4\%. Fetal distress decreased as an indication for CS, while previous CS and breech presentations contributed to the increase. Decision-making for CS needs to frame the benefits and risks of the intervention within the context of women{\textquoteright}s entire reproductive life-cycle and existing standards of care, avoiding unnecessary and costly CS deliveries to reduce iatrogenic complications and conserve resources.

}, keywords = {*Hospitals, Teaching, *Patient Selection, Adolescent, Adult, Breech Presentation/surgery, Cesarean Section/*trends, Chi-Square Distribution, Female, Fetal Distress/surgery, Health Services Research, Humans, Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced/surgery, Logistic Models, Medical Audit, Middle East, Parity, Physician{\textquoteright}s Practice Patterns/*trends, Pregnancy, Socioeconomic Factors, Unnecessary Procedures/trends}, isbn = {1020-3397 (Print)
1020-3397 (Linking)}, author = {Mikki, N. and Abu-Rmeileh, N. M. and Wick, L. and Abu-Asab, N. and Hassan-Bitar, S.} } @article {2332, title = {Cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, and cancer in the occupied Palestinian territory}, journal = {Lancet}, volume = {373}, number = {9668}, year = {2009}, note = {Husseini, Abdullatif
Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M E
Mikki, Nahed
Ramahi, Tarik M
Ghosh, Heidar Abu
Barghuthi, Nadim
Khalili, Mohammad
Bjertness, Espen
Holmboe-Ottesen, Gerd
Jervell, Jak
England
Lancet
Lancet. 2009 Mar 21;373(9668):1041-9. Epub 2009 Mar 4.}, month = {Mar 21}, pages = {1041-9}, edition = {2009/03/10}, abstract = {

Heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and cancer are the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the occupied Palestinian territory, resulting in a high direct cost of care, high indirect cost in loss of production, and much societal stress. The rates of the classic risk factors for atherosclerotic disease-namely, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco smoking, and dyslipidaemia-are high and similar to those in neighbouring countries. The urbanisation and continuing nutritional change from a healthy Mediterranean diet to an increasingly western-style diet is associated with reduced activity, obesity, and a loss of the protective effect of the traditional diet. Rates of cancer seem to be lower than those in neighbouring countries, with the leading causes of death being lung cancer in Palestinian men and breast cancer in women. The response of society and the health-care system to this epidemic is inadequate. A large proportion of health-care expenditure is on expensive curative care outside the area. Effective comprehensive prevention programmes should be implemented, and the health-care system should be redesigned to address these diseases.

}, keywords = {Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Arabs/*statistics \& numerical data, Cardiovascular Diseases/*epidemiology/prevention \& control, Cause of Death, Chronic Disease, Comorbidity, Cost of Illness, Delivery of Health Care/economics/trends, Diabetes Mellitus/*epidemiology/prevention \& control, Female, Humans, Incidence, Israel/epidemiology, Life Style, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasms/classification/*epidemiology/prevention \& control, Nutritional Status, Obesity/epidemiology, Quality of Life, Risk Factors, Smoking/epidemiology, Survival Rate, Young Adult}, isbn = {1474-547X (Electronic)
0140-6736 (Linking)}, author = {Husseini, A. and Abu-Rmeileh, N. M. and Mikki, N. and Ramahi, T. M. and Ghosh, H. A. and Barghuthi, N. and Khalili, M. and Bjertness, E. and Holmboe-Ottesen, G. and Jervell, J.} } @article {2232, title = {Cesarean section deliveries in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt): an analysis of the 2006 Palestinian Family Health Survey}, journal = {Health Policy}, volume = {93}, number = {2-3}, year = {2009}, note = {Abdul-Rahim, Hanan F
Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen Mohammad Elias
Wick, Laura
Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov{\textquoteright}t
Ireland
Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Health Policy. 2009 Dec;93(2-3):151-6. Epub 2009 Aug 11.}, month = {Dec}, pages = {151-6}, edition = {2009/08/14}, abstract = {

OBJECTIVE: Against the backdrop of a rise in cesarean section deliveries from 6.0\% in 1996 to 14.8\% in 2006, the objective of this study was to investigate socio-demographic, clinical and service-related factors associated with cesarean sections in the occupied Palestinian territory. METHODS: Data from the Palestinian Family Health Survey 2006 were used to examine last births in the 5 years preceding the survey to women aged 15-49 years. Bivariate and multivariate associations between type of delivery (dependent variable) and selected factors were analyzed using logistic regression. Selected maternal outcomes were also investigated with type of delivery as the independent variable. RESULTS: Cesarean section deliveries were significantly associated with maternal age (35+ years), primiparity, low birth weight and residence area in the West Bank and Gaza. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of cesarean deliveries by sector in the West Bank, but in Gaza, they were significantly more common in the governmental sector. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for detailed audits of cesarean section deliveries, nationally and at the facility level, in order to avoid unnecessary interventions in the context of high fertility, rising poverty and fragmented health services. Variations by governorate should be studied further for focused interventions.

}, keywords = {*Arabs, Adolescent, Adult, Cesarean Section/*utilization, Delivery of Health Care, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Israel, Middle Aged, Middle East, Pregnancy, Young Adult}, isbn = {1872-6054 (Electronic)
0168-8510 (Linking)}, author = {Abdul-Rahim, H. F. and Abu-Rmeileh, N. M. and Wick, L.} } @article {2310, title = {Child abuse and neglect services in the occupied Palestinian territory}, journal = {East Mediterr Health J}, volume = {15}, number = {6}, year = {2009}, note = {Halileh, S
Abdullah, A
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov{\textquoteright}t
Egypt
Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
East Mediterr Health J. 2009 Nov-Dec;15(6):1504-12.}, month = {Nov-Dec}, pages = {1504-12}, edition = {2010/03/12}, abstract = {

This study in 2005 aimed to investigate the services available for abused and neglected children in the occupied Palestinian territory. Telephone interviews were conducted with 62 institutions from the government, non-profit and private sectors that dealt with child abuse and neglect, of which 58 provided services. Services offered were mainly in psychosocial health. Usually abused children were brought to service providers by family members and teachers. Common types of abuse seen at these institutions were physical, psychological and sexual abuse. Interviewees reported most cases of abuse occurred in the home and at school. Challenges were related mainly to sociocultural issues, training, funding and the military occupation.

}, keywords = {*Child Abuse/statistics \& numerical data/therapy, Child, Child Health Services/*organization \& administration, Health Planning Guidelines, Health Planning/organization \& administration, Health Services Research, Humans, Mandatory Reporting, Middle East/epidemiology, Needs Assessment/organization \& administration, Poverty, Questionnaires, Severity of Illness Index}, isbn = {1020-3397 (Print)
1020-3397 (Linking)}, author = {Halileh, S. and Abdullah, A.} } @article {2202, title = {Child Abuse and Neglect: Training Needs Assessment of UNRWA Health and Social Care Professionals}, year = {2008}, institution = { Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University}, address = {Palestine} } @article {2200, title = {Capacity Building on Rational Use of Medicine: Knowledge and Practice Affecting the Mobile Teams}, year = {2007}, institution = {Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University}, address = {Palestine} } @article {2196, title = {Child Abuse and Neglect in the West Bank: Training, Perception and Management of Cases among Palestinian Physicians}, year = {2007}, institution = {Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University}, address = {Palestine} } @article {2309, title = {Child abuse and neglect services in the occupied Palestinian Territory}, journal = {Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal }, year = {2007}, author = {Halileh, S. and Abdullah, A.} } @article {2338, title = {Can action on health achieve political and social reform?}, journal = {BMJ}, volume = {333}, number = {7573}, year = {2006}, month = {October 21, 2006}, pages = {837-839}, author = {Jabbour, Samer. and El-Zein, Abbas. and Nuwayhid, Iman. and Giacaman, Rita.} } @article {2190, title = {Child protection in the Occupied Palestinian Territory: structures, policies and services}, year = {2006}, institution = {Birzeit University \& National Plan of Action Secretariat} } @article {2254, title = {[Current situation of health services in northern districts of the West Bank, Palestine]}, journal = {East Mediterr Health J}, volume = {12}, number = {3-4}, year = {2006}, note = {English Abstract
Egypt
Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
East Mediterr Health J. 2006 May-Jul;12(3-4):347-58.}, month = {May-Jul}, pages = {347-58}, edition = {2006/10/14}, abstract = {

We assessed the current situation of health services in the northern districts of the West Bank of Palestine as regards the providers of the services, the services provided, the human resources working in the services and the sufficiency of the services with respect to the size of the populations. We found that 21\% of the total population in the northern districts did not have private medical clinics and 13\% did not even have primary health care centres. There has been an increase in the number of governmental primary health care centers and a decrease in the number of nongovernmental and charitable centres since the Palestinian National Authority took over responsibility for public health services through the Ministry of Health.

}, keywords = {Charities/organization \& administration, Community Health Centers/organization \& administration, Health Services Needs and Demand, Health Services Research, Health Services/*standards, Humans, Middle East, National Health Programs/*organization \& administration, Population Density, Primary Health Care/*organization \& administration, Private Sector/organization \& administration, Public Sector/organization \& administration}, isbn = {1020-3397 (Print)
1020-3397 (Linking)}, author = {Al-Khatib, I. and Othman, R.} } @article {2384, title = {Childbirth in Palestine}, journal = {Int J Gynaecol Obstet}, volume = {89}, number = {2}, year = {2005}, note = {Wick, L
Mikki, N
Giacaman, R
Abdul-Rahim, H
074986/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov{\textquoteright}t
Ireland
International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2005 May;89(2):174-8.}, month = {May}, pages = {174-8}, edition = {2005/04/26}, abstract = {

OBJECTIVE: This study describes staffing, caseloads and reported routine practices for normal childbirth in Palestinian West Bank (WB) governmental maternity facilities and compares these practices with evidence-based care. METHODS: Data on routine childbirth practices in all eight governmental hospitals were obtained through interviews with head obstetricians and midwives. Data on staffing and monthly number of births were collected by phone or personal interview from all 37 WB hospitals. RESULTS: Forty-eight percent of WB deliveries took place in crowded and understaffed governmental hospitals. Reported practices were not consistently in line with evidence-based care. Lack of knowledge and structural barriers were reasons for this gap. CONCLUSION: The implications of limiting unnecessary interventions in the normal birth process are particularly important in a context of limited access and scarce resources. More skilled birth attendants and a universal commitment to effective care are needed.

}, keywords = {Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use, Attitude of Health Personnel, Clinical Competence, Crowding, data, Delivery, Obstetric/economics/*statistics \& numerical data, Drug Utilization/statistics \& numerical data, Evidence-Based Medicine, Female, Guideline Adherence, Hospitals, Maternity/*organization \& administration/statistics \& numerical, Hospitals, Public/*organization \& administration/statistics \& numerical, Humans, Male, Meperidine/therapeutic use, Middle East, Midwifery/statistics \& numerical data, Oxytocics/therapeutic use, Oxytocin/therapeutic use, Personnel Staffing and Scheduling, Physicians/supply \& distribution, Pregnancy, Private Sector/statistics \& numerical data, Questionnaires, Workload}, isbn = {0020-7292 (Print)
0020-7292 (Linking)}, author = {Wick, L. and Mikki, N. and Giacaman, R. and Abdul-Rahim, H.} } @article {2283, title = {Coping with conflict}, journal = {Educ Health (Abingdon)}, volume = {18}, number = {1}, year = {2005}, note = {Giacaman, Rita
Editorial
England
Education for health (Abingdon, England)
Educ Health (Abingdon). 2005 Mar;18(1):2-4.}, month = {Mar}, pages = {2-4}, edition = {2005/04/05}, keywords = {*Adaptation, Psychological, *Conflict (Psychology), *Health Education, *War, Adult, Arabs, Child, Humans, Life Change Events, Middle East, Stress, Psychological}, isbn = {1357-6283 (Print)
1357-6283 (Linking)}, author = {Giacaman, R.} } @article {2263, title = {[Causes of drinking-water contamination in rain-fed cisterns in three villages in Ramallah and Al-Bireh District, Palestine]}, journal = {East Mediterr Health J}, volume = {10}, number = {3}, year = {2004}, note = {Al-Khatib, Issam A
Orabi, Moammar
English Abstract
Egypt
Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
East Mediterr Health J. 2004 May;10(3):429-36.}, month = {May}, pages = {429-36}, edition = {2005/10/11}, abstract = {

We studied the biological characteristics of drinking-water in three villages in Ramallah and al-Bireh district, by testing the total coliforms. Water samples were collected from rain-fed cisterns between October and November 2001. The results show that 87\% of tested samples of drinking-water were highly contaminated and in need of coagulation, filtration and disinfection based on the World Health Organization guidelines for drinking-water, and 10.5\% had low contamination and were in need of treatment by disinfection only. Only 2.5\% of the tested samples were not contaminated and were suitable for drinking without treatment. The main cause of drinking-water con tamination was the presence of cesspits, wastewater and solid waste dumping sites near the cisterns.

}, keywords = {*Water Microbiology, Causality, Colony Count, Microbial, Disinfection, Enterobacter/isolation \& purification, Escherichia coli/isolation \& purification, Humans, Klebsiella/isolation \& purification, Middle East, Rain/*microbiology, Sewage, Water Pollution/*analysis/prevention \& control/statistics \& numerical data, Water Purification, Water Supply/*analysis/statistics \& numerical data}, isbn = {1020-3397 (Print)
1020-3397 (Linking)}, author = {Al-Khatib, I. A. and Orabi, M.} } @article {2185, title = {Childbirth in Palestine: Reported Practices and Evidence-based Guidlines}, year = {2004}, institution = {Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University}, address = {Palestine} } @article {2281, title = {A community of citizens: disability rehabilitation in the Palestinian transition to statehood}, journal = {Disabil Rehabil}, volume = {23}, number = {14}, year = {2001}, note = {Giacaman, R
Review
England
Disability and rehabilitation
Disabil Rehabil. 2001 Sep 20;23(14):639-44.}, month = {Sep 20}, pages = {639-44}, edition = {2001/11/08}, abstract = {

PURPOSE: It has been widely argued that community based programmes offer considerable advantages to the classical institutional forms of health and rehabilitation services delivery. With about 10 years of experience in operating community based rehabilitation projects (CBR) for the disabled, the Palestinian experience points to potentially serious problems relating to the conception and operationalization of such programmes in real life situations. ISSUES: Of importance is the issue of the impact of communal care on the already burdened lives of women, especially when such care is expected to be voluntary in nature. Caretaking in the Palestinian context, especially of the disabled, elderly and the sick, is a pre-defined sex linked role dictated by a patriarchal society and system of policy making that excludes women from economic and social life. The voluntary care aspect entailed in the CBR conception and practice, can and does contribute further to the exclusion of women not only from the labour force, but from most other aspects of life as well. This represents an apparent contradiction between the needs of two excluded groups, the disabled and women. The other problematic entailed in the communal model of caring for the disabled is the strategic and operational bias focusing on community, to the exclusion of the notion of social rights of all citizens, and the role and duty of state structures in the fulfilment of the disabled basic needs. Such an approach can only relegate the disabled rights back to their original place as charity. On the other hand, when CBR projects are operated holistically, in the context of social movements existing within power relation and with a broader democratic agenda engaging different groups-including a disability movement-as is currently taking place in Palestine, CBR projects can also turn into a mobilizing force for the social rights of all excluded groups. CONCLUSION: Thus the question is not merely one of governmental involvement as opposed to the involvement of non-governmental organizations and charitable societies in community based projects. Rather, it is a question of the right to a decent life for all, in dignity and security, that citizenship and statehood promise, but have yet to deliver in many developing countries, especially in Palestine.

}, keywords = {*Caregivers, *Civil Rights/trends, *Voluntary Workers, Arabs, Attitude to Health/*ethnology, Community Health Services/manpower/*organization \& administration, Consumer Organizations, Consumer Participation, Cost of Illness, Disabled Persons/*rehabilitation, Female, Gender Identity, Health Care Reform, Humans, Israel, Male, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Social Class, Social Justice/trends, Women, Working/classification}, isbn = {0963-8288 (Print)
0963-8288 (Linking)}, author = {Giacaman, R.} } @article {2148, title = {A Curriculum for the Training of Physicians: Management of Menopausal Women at the Primary Health Care Level, Palestinian Coalition for Women{\textquoteright}s Health}, year = {1994}, institution = {Birzeit University}, address = {Palestine} } @article {2133, title = {Community Health Unit Review: A Review of Health Standards and Services in the West Bank and Gaza Strip}, year = {1987}, month = {03/1987}, institution = {Birzeit University}, address = {Palestine} }