00584nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245011500055210006900170260001200239490000700251100001700258700002400275700001900299856012000318 2020 eng d a1471-245800aChild abuse in the West Bank of the occupied Palestinian territory (WB/oPt): social and political determinants0 aChild abuse in the West Bank of the occupied Palestinian territo c07/20200 v201 aHarsha, Nouh1 aLynch, Margaret, A.1 aGiacaman, Rita uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/child-abuse-west-bank-occupied-palestinian-territory-wbopt-social-and00624nas a2200157 4500008004100000245011000041210006900151260001200220300001000232490000800242100001900250700002500269700001900294700002400313856012900337 2019 eng d00aCardiovascular disease research in the Arab world: a scoping review from seven Arab countries (2000e2018)0 aCardiovascular disease research in the Arab world a scoping revi c08/2019 a36-420 v1751 aGhandour, Rula1 aHusseini, Abdullatif1 aSibai, Abla, M1 aAbu-Rmeileh, Niveen uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/cardiovascular-disease-research-arab-world-scoping-review-seven-arab-countries01053nas a2200325 4500008004100000245016100041210006900202260001200271490000700283100002200290700002000312700001800332700001800350700001700368700002500385700002500410700002100435700001900456700002200475700002000497700001800517700001900535700002200554700002300576700002000599700001300619700002000632700002500652856005000677 2019 eng d00aContext-led capacity building in time of crisis: fostering non-communicable diseases (NCD) research skills in the Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa0 aContextled capacity building in time of crisis fostering noncomm c02/20190 v121 aPhillimore, Peter1 aSibai, Abla, M.1 aRizk, Anthony1 aMaziak, Wasim1 aUnal, Belgin1 aRmeileh, Niveen, Abu1 aBen Romdhane, Habiba1 aFouad, Fouad, M.1 aKhader, Yousef1 aBennett, Kathleen1 aZaman, Shahaduz1 aMataria, Awad1 aGhandour, Rula1 aKılıç, Bülent1 aBen Mansour, Nadia1 aFadhil, Ibtihal1 a, Martin1 aCapewell, Simon1 aCritchley, Julia, A. uhttps://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2019.156983800674nas a2200157 4500008004100000245013500041210006900176100001900245700001700264700002500281700001800306700002300324700001900347700002500366856012500391 2018 eng d00aComplications of type 2 diabetes mellitus inRamallah and al-Bireh: The Palestinian DiabetesComplications and Control Study (PDCCS)0 aComplications of type 2 diabetes mellitus inRamallah and alBireh1 aGhandour, Rula1 aMikki, Nahed1 aRmeileh, Niveen, Abu1 aJerdén, Lars1 aNorberg, Margareta1 aErikssond, Jan1 aHusseini, Abdullatif uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/complications-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-inramallah-and-al-bireh-palestinian00572nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260001200202100001700214700001800231700001600249700001900265700001400284856012800298 2018 eng d00aCoping and Helping to Cope: Perspectives of Children of Palestinian Political Detainees0 aCoping and Helping to Cope Perspectives of Children of Palestini c01/20181 aRabaia, Yoke1 aKassis, Samar1 aAmro, Zeina1 aGiacaman, Rita1 aReis, Ria uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/coping-and-helping-cope-perspectives-children-palestinian-political-detainees00541nas a2200145 4500008004100000245010800041210006900149260001200218490000700230100001800237700001900255700002200274700001700296856008200313 2017 eng d00aChallenges to conducting epidemiology research in chronic conflict areas: examples from PURE- Palestine0 aChallenges to conducting epidemiology research in chronic confli c02/20170 v101 aKhatib, Rasha1 aGiacaman, Rita1 aKhammash, Umaiyeh1 aYusuf, Salim uhttp://conflictandhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13031-016-0101-x00584nas a2200145 4500008004100000022004200041245014100083210006900224260001200293300001000305490000700315100002500322700002100347856007000368 2017 eng d a 0968-8080 (Print) 1460-9576 (Online)00aCoping with cancer diagnosis and treatment: a comparative study on women with breast cancer in Turkey and occupied Palestinian territory0 aCoping with cancer diagnosis and treatment a comparative study o c11/2017 a35-460 v251 aTerzioğlu, Ayşecan1 aHammoudeh, Weeam uhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09688080.2017.137806600723nas a2200205 4500008004100000245007000041210006900111260001200180490000700192100003100199700003400230700002100264700001900285700002400304700001700328700001800345700001900363700002700382856010800409 2016 eng d00aCancer mortality in the West Bank, Occupied Palestinian Territory0 aCancer mortality in the West Bank Occupied Palestinian Territory c12/20150 v161 aAbu-Rmeileh, Niveen, M. E.1 aGianicolo, Emilio, Antonio Lu1 aBruni, Antonella1 aMitwali, Suzan1 aPortaluri, Maurizio1 aBitar, Jawad1 aHamad, Mutaem1 aGiacaman, Rita1 aVigotti, Maria, Angela uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/cancer-mortality-west-bank-occupied-palestinian-territory01373nas a2200421 4500008004100000245014000041210006900181260001200250100002100262700002000283700002300303700002400326700001800350700001600368700001800384700001800402700002500420700001700445700002300462700001600485700002500501700001700526700001900543700002200562700002000584700002000604700001800624700001600642700002200658700002300680700002300703700001900726700002000745700001900765700001700784700002200801856012800823 2016 eng d00aContrasting cardiovascular mortality trends in Eastern Mediterranean populations: Contributions from risk factor changes and treatments0 aContrasting cardiovascular mortality trends in Eastern Mediterra c01/20161 aCritchley, Julia1 aCapewell, Simon1 aO'Flaherty, Martin1 aAbu-Rmeileh, Niveen1 aRastam, Samer1 aSaidi, Olfa1 aSözmen, Kaan1 aShoaibi, Azza1 aHusseini, Abdullatif1 aFouad, Fouad1 aBen Mansour, Nadia1 aAissi, Wafa1 aBen Romdhane, Habiba1 aUnal, Belgin1 aBandosz, Piotr1 aBennett, Kathleen1 aDherani, Mukesh1 aAli, Radwan, Al1 aMaziak, Wasim1 aArýk, Hale1 aGerceklioolu, Gul1 aAltun, Deniz, Utku1 aimşek, Hatice, Ş1 aDoganay, Sinem1 aDemiral, Yücel1 aAslan, Özgür1 aUnwin, Nigel1 aPhillimore, Peter uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/contrasting-cardiovascular-mortality-trends-eastern-mediterranean-populations01218nas a2200217 4500008004100000245012700041210006900168260001200237490000700249520048800256100001800744700002300762700002000785700003100805700001800836700002100854700001600875700002200891700002000913856006700933 2015 eng d00aA cross sectional study of maternal ‘near-miss’ cases in major public hospitals in Egypt, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria0 across sectional study of maternal nearmiss cases in major public c11/20150 v153 a

 

1 aBashour, Hyam1 aSaad-Haddad, Ghada1 aDeJong, Jocelyn1 aRamadan, Mohammed, Cherine1 aHassan, Sahar1 aBreebaart, Miral1 aWick, Laura1 aHassanein, Nevine1 aKharouf, Mayada uhttp://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/s12884-015-0733-7.pdf00843nas a2200241 4500008004100000245013400041210006900175100001400244700001600258700002000274700001900294700001700313700001500330700001300345700001300358700001500371700001300386700002100399700001400420700001500434700002600449856012600475 2014 eng d00aA cost effectiveness analysis of salt reduction policies to reduce coronary heart disease in four eastern Mediterranean countries0 acost effectiveness analysis of salt reduction policies to reduce1 aMason, H.1 aShoaibi, A.1 aGhandour, Rula.1 aO'Flaherty, M.1 aCapewell, M.1 aKhatib, R.1 aJabr, S.1 aB., Unal1 aSozmen, K.1 aArfa, W.1 aBen Romdhane, H.1 aFouad, F.1 aAl-Ali, R.1 aHusseini, Abdullatif. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/cost-effectiveness-analysis-salt-reduction-policies-reduce-coronary-heart-000641nas a2200181 4500008004100000020001400041245008400055210006900139300000800208490000800216100001900224700001900243700001800262700002000280700001900300700002000319856012000339 2013 eng d a0140-673600aChild discipline in the occupied Palestinian territory: a cross-sectional study0 aChild discipline in the occupied Palestinian territory a crossse aS340 v3821 aShojaia, Haya.1 aDarwish, Hiba.1 aHassan, Itaf.1 aGhandour, Rula.1 aMansour, Safa.1 aGiacaman, Rita. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/child-discipline-occupied-palestinian-territory-cross-sectional-study00731nas a2200193 4500008004100000020001400041245010100055210006900156300000700225490000800232100002500240700002800265700002300293700002400316700003100340700002000371700002000391856012600411 2013 eng d a0140-673600aCognitive caregiving for parents in the occupied Palestinian territory: a cross-sectional survey0 aCognitive caregiving for parents in the occupied Palestinian ter aS50 v3821 aAl-Shami, Ni'meh, A.1 aEl-Sughayyar, Ronal, H.1 aGhaben, Niveen, M.1 aKhasseeb, Najla, S.1 aAbu-Rmeileh, Niveen, M. E.1 aGhandour, Rula.1 aGiacaman, Rita. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/cognitive-caregiving-parents-occupied-palestinian-territory-cross-sectional00576nas a2200085 4500008004100000245011800041210006900159260013700228856012500365 2012 eng d00aCaring for people with intellectual disability. A household survey in 13 locales in the vicinity of Star Mountain0 aCaring for people with intellectual disability A household surve aPalestinebInstitute of Community and Public Health in cooperation with Star Mountain Rehabilitation Center, Birzeit University
 uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/caring-people-intellectual-disability-household-survey-13-locales-vicinity00492nas a2200085 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260007600202856012800278 2011 eng d00aCode of ethics for Community based Rehabilitation (CBR), Community based Rehabilitation0 aCode of ethics for Community based Rehabilitation CBR Community  aPalestinebInstitute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/code-ethics-community-based-rehabilitation-cbr-community-based-rehabilitation00495nas a2200097 4500008004100000245012200041210006900163100001500232700002300247856012700270 2010 eng d00aThe challenges of academic and community partnerships under military occupation and the complexity of power relations0 achallenges of academic and community partnerships under military1 aRabaia, Y.1 aNguyen-Gillham, V. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/challenges-academic-and-community-partnerships-under-military-occupation-and00363nas a2200085 4500008004100000245006300041210006200104100001300166856009800179 2010 eng d00aCheckpoints on the long road to Palestinian women's health0 aCheckpoints on the long road to Palestinian womens health1 aWick, L. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/checkpoints-long-road-palestinian-womens-health02016nas a2200205 4500008004100000020005100041245014400092210006900236250001500305300001200320490000700332520125100339100001501590700001501605700001601620700001301636700001501649700001801664856012801682 2010 eng d a1466-187X (Electronic)
0142-159X (Linking)00aChild health in the West Bank: Experiences from implementing a paediatric course for Palestinian doctors and nurses working in primary care0 aChild health in the West Bank Experiences from implementing a pa a2010/11/03 ae486-910 v323 a

Child health issues are of high importance in the occupied Palestinian territories, where half of the population are children. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health have developed a comprehensive paediatric training programme for primary healthcare providers with the aim of improving child health in the area. The course has taken 8 years to develop with the pilot running in 2005-2007 and is now being extended to other centres in the region. In this article, we describe the process through which this course has developed, some of the difficulties faced and the final teaching programme as it has evolved. A number of lessons have been learnt, over the years, which are of potential value to others designing similar teaching programmes. Its greatest strength lies in the partnership developed with local paediatricians, which encourages us to believe that sustainability has been achieved. Evaluation confirms that the course is meeting the needs of local doctors and nurses and improving their paediatric skills. Although developed specifically for the occupied Palestinian territory, our experience offers a process and design for a teaching programme that could be adapted for use in other countries around the world.

1 aMorris, A.1 aRudolf, M.1 aHalileh, S.1 aOdeh, J.1 aBowyer, J.1 aWaterston, T. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/child-health-west-bank-experiences-implementing-paediatric-course-palestinian02177nas a2200445 4500008004100000020004600041245010500087210006900192250001500261260001200276300001100288490000700299520074900306653002501055653002301080653001501103653001001118653003201128653002901160653002801189653001101217653002701228653002901255653001101284653004401295653002001339653001801359653001601377653001101393653004201404653001401446653002601460653003401486100001401520700002401534700001301558700001701571700002101588856012201609 2009 eng d a1020-3397 (Print)
1020-3397 (Linking)00aCaesarean delivery rates, determinants and indications in Makassed Hospital, Jerusalem 1993 and 20020 aCaesarean delivery rates determinants and indications in Makasse a2010/03/02 cJul-Aug a868-790 v153 a

This study investigated the rising rate of caesarean section (CS) deliveries between 1993 and 2002 (9.4% to 14.4%) and associated factors, including indications for CS and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics based on the register of a major Palestinian teaching hospital. Instrumental deliveries declined from 12.6% to 4.4%. Fetal distress decreased as an indication for CS, while previous CS and breech presentations contributed to the increase. Decision-making for CS needs to frame the benefits and risks of the intervention within the context of women's entire reproductive life-cycle and existing standards of care, avoiding unnecessary and costly CS deliveries to reduce iatrogenic complications and conserve resources.

10a*Hospitals, Teaching10a*Patient Selection10aAdolescent10aAdult10aBreech Presentation/surgery10aCesarean Section/*trends10aChi-Square Distribution10aFemale10aFetal Distress/surgery10aHealth Services Research10aHumans10aHypertension, Pregnancy-Induced/surgery10aLogistic Models10aMedical Audit10aMiddle East10aParity10aPhysician's Practice Patterns/*trends10aPregnancy10aSocioeconomic Factors10aUnnecessary Procedures/trends1 aMikki, N.1 aAbu-Rmeileh, N., M.1 aWick, L.1 aAbu-Asab, N.1 aHassan-Bitar, S. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/caesarean-delivery-rates-determinants-and-indications-makassed-hospital02989nas a2200577 4500008004100000020005100041245009700092210006900189250001500258260001100273300001100284490000800295520117900303653001501482653001001497653000901507653003901516653006301555653001901618653002001637653001601657653002001673653004501693653005701738653001101795653001101806653001401817653002401831653001501855653000901870653001601879653006401895653002301959653002501982653002002007653001702027653002502044653001802069653001602087100001702103700002402120700001402144700001902158700001802177700001802195700001602213700001802229700002402247700001602271856012402287 2009 eng d a1474-547X (Electronic)
0140-6736 (Linking)00aCardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, and cancer in the occupied Palestinian territory0 aCardiovascular diseases diabetes mellitus and cancer in the occu a2009/03/10 cMar 21 a1041-90 v3733 a

Heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and cancer are the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the occupied Palestinian territory, resulting in a high direct cost of care, high indirect cost in loss of production, and much societal stress. The rates of the classic risk factors for atherosclerotic disease-namely, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco smoking, and dyslipidaemia-are high and similar to those in neighbouring countries. The urbanisation and continuing nutritional change from a healthy Mediterranean diet to an increasingly western-style diet is associated with reduced activity, obesity, and a loss of the protective effect of the traditional diet. Rates of cancer seem to be lower than those in neighbouring countries, with the leading causes of death being lung cancer in Palestinian men and breast cancer in women. The response of society and the health-care system to this epidemic is inadequate. A large proportion of health-care expenditure is on expensive curative care outside the area. Effective comprehensive prevention programmes should be implemented, and the health-care system should be redesigned to address these diseases.

10aAdolescent10aAdult10aAged10aArabs/*statistics & numerical data10aCardiovascular Diseases/*epidemiology/prevention & control10aCause of Death10aChronic Disease10aComorbidity10aCost of Illness10aDelivery of Health Care/economics/trends10aDiabetes Mellitus/*epidemiology/prevention & control10aFemale10aHumans10aIncidence10aIsrael/epidemiology10aLife Style10aMale10aMiddle Aged10aNeoplasms/classification/*epidemiology/prevention & control10aNutritional Status10aObesity/epidemiology10aQuality of Life10aRisk Factors10aSmoking/epidemiology10aSurvival Rate10aYoung Adult1 aHusseini, A.1 aAbu-Rmeileh, N., M.1 aMikki, N.1 aRamahi, T., M.1 aGhosh, H., A.1 aBarghuthi, N.1 aKhalili, M.1 aBjertness, E.1 aHolmboe-Ottesen, G.1 aJervell, J. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/cardiovascular-diseases-diabetes-mellitus-and-cancer-occupied-palestinian02456nas a2200337 4500008004100000020005100041245013400092210006900226250001500295260000800310300001000318490000700328520138300335653001101718653001501729653001001744653003401754653002801788653001101816653001901827653001101846653001101857653001601868653001601884653001401900653001601914100002401930700002401954700001301978856012701991 2009 eng d a1872-6054 (Electronic)
0168-8510 (Linking)00aCesarean section deliveries in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt): an analysis of the 2006 Palestinian Family Health Survey0 aCesarean section deliveries in the occupied Palestinian territor a2009/08/14 cDec a151-60 v933 a

OBJECTIVE: Against the backdrop of a rise in cesarean section deliveries from 6.0% in 1996 to 14.8% in 2006, the objective of this study was to investigate socio-demographic, clinical and service-related factors associated with cesarean sections in the occupied Palestinian territory. METHODS: Data from the Palestinian Family Health Survey 2006 were used to examine last births in the 5 years preceding the survey to women aged 15-49 years. Bivariate and multivariate associations between type of delivery (dependent variable) and selected factors were analyzed using logistic regression. Selected maternal outcomes were also investigated with type of delivery as the independent variable. RESULTS: Cesarean section deliveries were significantly associated with maternal age (35+ years), primiparity, low birth weight and residence area in the West Bank and Gaza. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of cesarean deliveries by sector in the West Bank, but in Gaza, they were significantly more common in the governmental sector. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for detailed audits of cesarean section deliveries, nationally and at the facility level, in order to avoid unnecessary interventions in the context of high fertility, rising poverty and fragmented health services. Variations by governorate should be studied further for focused interventions.

10a*Arabs10aAdolescent10aAdult10aCesarean Section/*utilization10aDelivery of Health Care10aFemale10aHealth Surveys10aHumans10aIsrael10aMiddle Aged10aMiddle East10aPregnancy10aYoung Adult1 aAbdul-Rahim, H., F.1 aAbu-Rmeileh, N., M.1 aWick, L. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/cesarean-section-deliveries-occupied-palestinian-territory-opt-analysis-200601908nas a2200325 4500008004100000020004600041245007500087210006900162250001500231260001200246300001200258490000700270520075000277653005301027653001001080653005701090653003101147653005001178653002901228653001101257653002401268653002901292653005101321653001201372653001901384653003001403100001601433700001701449856011601466 2009 eng d a1020-3397 (Print)
1020-3397 (Linking)00aChild abuse and neglect services in the occupied Palestinian territory0 aChild abuse and neglect services in the occupied Palestinian ter a2010/03/12 cNov-Dec a1504-120 v153 a

This study in 2005 aimed to investigate the services available for abused and neglected children in the occupied Palestinian territory. Telephone interviews were conducted with 62 institutions from the government, non-profit and private sectors that dealt with child abuse and neglect, of which 58 provided services. Services offered were mainly in psychosocial health. Usually abused children were brought to service providers by family members and teachers. Common types of abuse seen at these institutions were physical, psychological and sexual abuse. Interviewees reported most cases of abuse occurred in the home and at school. Challenges were related mainly to sociocultural issues, training, funding and the military occupation.

10a*Child Abuse/statistics & numerical data/therapy10aChild10aChild Health Services/*organization & administration10aHealth Planning Guidelines10aHealth Planning/organization & administration10aHealth Services Research10aHumans10aMandatory Reporting10aMiddle East/epidemiology10aNeeds Assessment/organization & administration10aPoverty10aQuestionnaires10aSeverity of Illness Index1 aHalileh, S.1 aAbdullah, A. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/child-abuse-and-neglect-services-occupied-palestinian-territory-000503nas a2200085 4500008004100000245010100041210006900142260007700211856012900288 2008 eng d00aChild Abuse and Neglect: Training Needs Assessment of UNRWA Health and Social Care Professionals0 aChild Abuse and Neglect Training Needs Assessment of UNRWA Healt aPalestineb Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/child-abuse-and-neglect-training-needs-assessment-unrwa-health-and-social-care00496nas a2200085 4500008004100000245010100041210006900142260007600211856012300287 2007 eng d00aCapacity Building on Rational Use of Medicine: Knowledge and Practice Affecting the Mobile Teams0 aCapacity Building on Rational Use of Medicine Knowledge and Prac aPalestinebInstitute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/capacity-building-rational-use-medicine-knowledge-and-practice-affecting00517nas a2200085 4500008004100000245012000041210006900161260007600230856012500306 2007 eng d00aChild Abuse and Neglect in the West Bank: Training, Perception and Management of Cases among Palestinian Physicians0 aChild Abuse and Neglect in the West Bank Training Perception and aPalestinebInstitute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/child-abuse-and-neglect-west-bank-training-perception-and-management-cases00430nas a2200097 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116100001600185700001700201856011400218 2007 eng d00aChild abuse and neglect services in the occupied Palestinian Territory0 aChild abuse and neglect services in the occupied Palestinian Ter1 aHalileh, S.1 aAbdullah, A. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/child-abuse-and-neglect-services-occupied-palestinian-territory00547nas a2200157 4500008004100000245006200041210006100103260002100164300001200185490000800197100002000205700002000225700002000245700002000265856010400285 2006 eng d00aCan action on health achieve political and social reform?0 aCan action on health achieve political and social reform cOctober 21, 2006 a837-8390 v3331 aJabbour, Samer.1 aEl-Zein, Abbas.1 aNuwayhid, Iman.1 aGiacaman, Rita. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/can-action-health-achieve-political-and-social-reform00473nas a2200085 4500008004100000245009400041210006900135260006100204856012200265 2006 eng d00aChild protection in the Occupied Palestinian Territory: structures, policies and services0 aChild protection in the Occupied Palestinian Territory structure bBirzeit University & National Plan of Action Secretariat uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/child-protection-occupied-palestinian-territory-structures-policies-and01979nas a2200313 4500008004100000020004600041245009300087210006900180250001500249260001200264300001100276490000700287520075300294653004401047653005901091653003701150653002901187653003101216653001101247653001601258653006001274653002301334653005501357653004901412653004801461100001801509700001501527856012301542 2006 ara d a1020-3397 (Print)
1020-3397 (Linking)00a[Current situation of health services in northern districts of the West Bank, Palestine]0 aCurrent situation of health services in northern districts of th a2006/10/14 cMay-Jul a347-580 v123 a

We assessed the current situation of health services in the northern districts of the West Bank of Palestine as regards the providers of the services, the services provided, the human resources working in the services and the sufficiency of the services with respect to the size of the populations. We found that 21% of the total population in the northern districts did not have private medical clinics and 13% did not even have primary health care centres. There has been an increase in the number of governmental primary health care centers and a decrease in the number of nongovernmental and charitable centres since the Palestinian National Authority took over responsibility for public health services through the Ministry of Health.

10aCharities/organization & administration10aCommunity Health Centers/organization & administration10aHealth Services Needs and Demand10aHealth Services Research10aHealth Services/*standards10aHumans10aMiddle East10aNational Health Programs/*organization & administration10aPopulation Density10aPrimary Health Care/*organization & administration10aPrivate Sector/organization & administration10aPublic Sector/organization & administration1 aAl-Khatib, I.1 aOthman, R. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/current-situation-health-services-northern-districts-west-bank-palestine02619nas a2200493 4500008004100000020004600041245002800087210002800115250001500143260000800158300001000166490000700176520102300183653003901206653003301245653002401278653001301302653000901315653006301324653004901387653002801436653001101464653002401475653007901499653007601578653001101654653000901665653003101674653001601705653004201721653003001763653002901793653003801822653003701860653001401897653004701911653001901958653001301977100001301990700001402003700001702017700002002034856007102054 2005 eng d a0020-7292 (Print)
0020-7292 (Linking)00aChildbirth in Palestine0 aChildbirth in Palestine a2005/04/26 cMay a174-80 v893 a

OBJECTIVE: This study describes staffing, caseloads and reported routine practices for normal childbirth in Palestinian West Bank (WB) governmental maternity facilities and compares these practices with evidence-based care. METHODS: Data on routine childbirth practices in all eight governmental hospitals were obtained through interviews with head obstetricians and midwives. Data on staffing and monthly number of births were collected by phone or personal interview from all 37 WB hospitals. RESULTS: Forty-eight percent of WB deliveries took place in crowded and understaffed governmental hospitals. Reported practices were not consistently in line with evidence-based care. Lack of knowledge and structural barriers were reasons for this gap. CONCLUSION: The implications of limiting unnecessary interventions in the normal birth process are particularly important in a context of limited access and scarce resources. More skilled birth attendants and a universal commitment to effective care are needed.

10aAnalgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use10aAttitude of Health Personnel10aClinical Competence10aCrowding10adata10aDelivery, Obstetric/economics/*statistics & numerical data10aDrug Utilization/statistics & numerical data10aEvidence-Based Medicine10aFemale10aGuideline Adherence10aHospitals, Maternity/*organization & administration/statistics & numerical10aHospitals, Public/*organization & administration/statistics & numerical10aHumans10aMale10aMeperidine/therapeutic use10aMiddle East10aMidwifery/statistics & numerical data10aOxytocics/therapeutic use10aOxytocin/therapeutic use10aPersonnel Staffing and Scheduling10aPhysicians/supply & distribution10aPregnancy10aPrivate Sector/statistics & numerical data10aQuestionnaires10aWorkload1 aWick, L.1 aMikki, N.1 aGiacaman, R.1 aAbdul-Rahim, H. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/childbirth-palestine00731nas a2200277 4500008004100000020004600041245002500087210002500112250001500137260000800152300000800160490000700168653003100175653002700206653002200233653000900255653001000264653001000274653001000284653001100294653002300305653001600328653002600344100001700370856006600387 2005 eng d a1357-6283 (Print)
1357-6283 (Linking)00aCoping with conflict0 aCoping with conflict a2005/04/05 cMar a2-40 v1810a*Adaptation, Psychological10a*Conflict (Psychology)10a*Health Education10a*War10aAdult10aArabs10aChild10aHumans10aLife Change Events10aMiddle East10aStress, Psychological1 aGiacaman, R. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/coping-conflict02041nas a2200337 4500008004100000020004600041245012900087210006900216250001500285260000800300300001100308490000700319520078400326653002401110653001401134653002801148653001701176653004201193653004601235653001101281653004001292653001601332653002301348653001101371653007901382653002301461653005501484100002201539700001401561856012801575 2004 ara d a1020-3397 (Print)
1020-3397 (Linking)00a[Causes of drinking-water contamination in rain-fed cisterns in three villages in Ramallah and Al-Bireh District, Palestine]0 aCauses of drinkingwater contamination in rainfed cisterns in thr a2005/10/11 cMay a429-360 v103 a

We studied the biological characteristics of drinking-water in three villages in Ramallah and al-Bireh district, by testing the total coliforms. Water samples were collected from rain-fed cisterns between October and November 2001. The results show that 87% of tested samples of drinking-water were highly contaminated and in need of coagulation, filtration and disinfection based on the World Health Organization guidelines for drinking-water, and 10.5% had low contamination and were in need of treatment by disinfection only. Only 2.5% of the tested samples were not contaminated and were suitable for drinking without treatment. The main cause of drinking-water con tamination was the presence of cesspits, wastewater and solid waste dumping sites near the cisterns.

10a*Water Microbiology10aCausality10aColony Count, Microbial10aDisinfection10aEnterobacter/isolation & purification10aEscherichia coli/isolation & purification10aHumans10aKlebsiella/isolation & purification10aMiddle East10aRain/*microbiology10aSewage10aWater Pollution/*analysis/prevention & control/statistics & numerical data10aWater Purification10aWater Supply/*analysis/statistics & numerical data1 aAl-Khatib, I., A.1 aOrabi, M. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/causes-drinking-water-contamination-rain-fed-cisterns-three-villages-ramallah00468nas a2200085 4500008004100000245007700041210006900118260007600187856011900263 2004 eng d00aChildbirth in Palestine: Reported Practices and Evidence-based Guidlines0 aChildbirth in Palestine Reported Practices and Evidencebased Gui aPalestinebInstitute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/childbirth-palestine-reported-practices-and-evidence-based-guidlines03673nas a2200397 4500008004100000020004600041245009800087210006900185250001500254260001100269300001100280490000700291520234400298653001602642653002502658653002302683653001002706653003402716653007002750653002702820653002702847653002002874653003702894653001102931653002002942653002302962653001102985653001102996653000903007653003703016653001703053653002603070653003403096100001703130856012803147 2001 eng d a0963-8288 (Print)
0963-8288 (Linking)00aA community of citizens: disability rehabilitation in the Palestinian transition to statehood0 acommunity of citizens disability rehabilitation in the Palestini a2001/11/08 cSep 20 a639-440 v233 a

PURPOSE: It has been widely argued that community based programmes offer considerable advantages to the classical institutional forms of health and rehabilitation services delivery. With about 10 years of experience in operating community based rehabilitation projects (CBR) for the disabled, the Palestinian experience points to potentially serious problems relating to the conception and operationalization of such programmes in real life situations. ISSUES: Of importance is the issue of the impact of communal care on the already burdened lives of women, especially when such care is expected to be voluntary in nature. Caretaking in the Palestinian context, especially of the disabled, elderly and the sick, is a pre-defined sex linked role dictated by a patriarchal society and system of policy making that excludes women from economic and social life. The voluntary care aspect entailed in the CBR conception and practice, can and does contribute further to the exclusion of women not only from the labour force, but from most other aspects of life as well. This represents an apparent contradiction between the needs of two excluded groups, the disabled and women. The other problematic entailed in the communal model of caring for the disabled is the strategic and operational bias focusing on community, to the exclusion of the notion of social rights of all citizens, and the role and duty of state structures in the fulfilment of the disabled basic needs. Such an approach can only relegate the disabled rights back to their original place as charity. On the other hand, when CBR projects are operated holistically, in the context of social movements existing within power relation and with a broader democratic agenda engaging different groups-including a disability movement-as is currently taking place in Palestine, CBR projects can also turn into a mobilizing force for the social rights of all excluded groups. CONCLUSION: Thus the question is not merely one of governmental involvement as opposed to the involvement of non-governmental organizations and charitable societies in community based projects. Rather, it is a question of the right to a decent life for all, in dignity and security, that citizenship and statehood promise, but have yet to deliver in many developing countries, especially in Palestine.

10a*Caregivers10a*Civil Rights/trends10a*Voluntary Workers10aArabs10aAttitude to Health/*ethnology10aCommunity Health Services/manpower/*organization & administration10aConsumer Organizations10aConsumer Participation10aCost of Illness10aDisabled Persons/*rehabilitation10aFemale10aGender Identity10aHealth Care Reform10aHumans10aIsrael10aMale10aOutcome Assessment (Health Care)10aSocial Class10aSocial Justice/trends10aWomen, Working/classification1 aGiacaman, R. uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/community-citizens-disability-rehabilitation-palestinian-transition-statehood00514nas a2200085 4500008004100000245015500041210006900196260003400265856012900299 1994 eng d00aA Curriculum for the Training of Physicians: Management of Menopausal Women at the Primary Health Care Level, Palestinian Coalition for Women's Health0 aCurriculum for the Training of Physicians Management of Menopaus aPalestinebBirzeit University uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/curriculum-training-physicians-management-menopausal-women-primary-health-care00473nas a2200085 4500008004100000245010800041210006900149260004300218856012600261 1987 eng d00aCommunity Health Unit Review: A Review of Health Standards and Services in the West Bank and Gaza Strip0 aCommunity Health Unit Review A Review of Health Standards and Se aPalestinebBirzeit Universityc03/1987 uhttp://icph.birzeit.edu/research/publications/community-health-unit-review-review-health-standards-and-services-west-bank