TY - JOUR T1 - Human rights and fair access to COVID-19 vaccines: the International AIDS Society–Lancet Commission on Health and Human Rights JF - The Lancet Y1 - 2021 UR - https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(21)00708-X/fulltext#%20 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - (Hot Blend) دراسة لتقييم الوضع البيئي والصحي لمصنع اسفلت في بيرزيت Y1 - 2020 A1 - Maysa Nimer A1 - Rashed Alsaed PB - Birzeit University CY - Birzeit, Occupied Palestinian Terretories ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The health of Palestinians JF - The Lancet Y1 - 2018 A1 - R. Giacaman VL - 392 IS - 10161 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Health research in a turbulent region: the Reproductive Health Working Group Y1 - 2017 A1 - Jocelyn DeJong A1 - Huda Zurayk A1 - Cynthia Myntti A1 - Belgin Tekçe A1 - R. Giacaman A1 - Hyam Bashour A1 - Atf Ghérissi A1 - Noha Gaballah VL - 25 UR - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09688080.2017.1379864 IS - 1 ER - TY - Generic T1 - Health problems reported by 15-54 years old women two weeks preceding the Family Health Survey 2010 Y1 - 2016 A1 - Rula Ghandour A1 - Katie Bates A1 - Sawsan Imseeh A1 - Suzan Mitwalli A1 - Shiraz Nasr A1 - Ernestina Coast A1 - Tiziana Leone A1 - R. Giacaman PB - The Institute of Community and Public Health CY - Ramallah, Palestine ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Human insecurity, chronic economic constraints and health in the occupied Palestinian territory JF - Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice Y1 - 2014 A1 - Clea McNeely A1 - Brian K. Barber A1 - Spellings, Carolyn. A1 - R. Giacaman A1 - Arafat, Cairo. A1 - Daher, Mahmoud. A1 - El Sarraj A1 - Mohammed Abu Mallouh U1 -

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Together with Hanna Kienzler from the Department of Social Science, Health and Medicine at King’s College London, the Mental...

The Institute of Community and Public Health participated as facilitators in the protocol development workshop (IRP) as part of...

The ICPH director participated in the fourth seminar on " Health Diplomacy" that was Cairo, Egypt, 2-4 MAY 2015.

ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Health-related Quality of life of Gaza Palestinians in the aftermath of the winter 2008-09 Israeli attach on the Strip JF - The European Journal of Public Health Y1 - 2011 A1 - Abu Rmeileh A1 - Hammoudeh, W. A1 - Mataria, A. A1 - Abdullatif. Husseini A1 - Khawaja, M. A1 - Harry Shannon A1 - Hogan, D. A1 - Watt, G. A1 - Zurayk, H. A1 - R. Giacaman ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Human insecurity and associated factors in the Gaza Strip Six months after the winter 2008-09 Israeli attack: a cross –sectional survey JF - the Lancet online Y1 - 2011 A1 - Ziadni, M. A1 - Hammoudeh, W. A1 - Abu Rmeileh A1 - Hogan, D. A1 - Harry Shannon A1 - R. Giacaman ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Humanitarian crisis and social suffering in Gaza Strip: an analysis of aftermath of latest Israeli war JF - the Lancet online Y1 - 2010 A1 - Abu Rmeileh A1 - Hammoudeh, W. A1 - R. Giacaman ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Health as human security in the occupied Palestinian territory JF - Lancet Y1 - 2009 A1 - Batniji, R. A1 - Rabaia, Y. A1 - Nguyen-Gillham, V. A1 - R. Giacaman A1 - Sarraj, E. A1 - Punamaki, R. L. A1 - Saab, H. A1 - Will Boyce KW - *Arabs KW - *Human Rights KW - Civil Disorders KW - Health KW - Middle East KW - Safety KW - Sanitation KW - Social Conditions KW - War AB -

We describe the threats to survival, development, and wellbeing in the occupied Palestinian territory using human security as a framework. Palestinian security has deteriorated rapidly since 2000. More than 6000 Palestinians have been killed by the Israeli military, with more than 1300 killed in the Gaza Strip during 22 days of aerial and ground attacks ending in January, 2009. Israeli destruction and control of infrastructure has severely restricted fuel supplies and access to water and sanitation. Palestinians are tortured in prisons and humiliated at Israeli checkpoints. The separation wall and the checkpoints prevent access to work, family, sites of worship, and health-care facilities. Poverty rates have risen sharply, and almost half of Palestinians are dependent on food aid. Social cohesion, which has kept Palestinian society intact, including the health-care system, is now strained. More than US$9 billion in international aid have not promoted development because Palestinians do not have basic security. International efforts focused on prevention of modifiable causes of insecurity, reinvigoration of international norms, support of Palestinian social resilience and institutions that protect them from threats, and a political solution are needed to improve human security in the occupied Palestinian territory.

VL - 373 SN - 1474-547X (Electronic)
0140-6736 (Linking) N1 - Batniji, Rajaie
Rabaia, Yoke
Nguyen-Gillham, Viet
Giacaman, Rita
Sarraj, Eyad
Punamaki, Raija-Leena
Saab, Hana
Boyce, Will
Lancet. 2009 Mar 28;373(9669):1133-43. Epub 2009 Mar 4. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Health status and health services in the occupied Palestinian territory JF - Lancet Y1 - 2009 A1 - R. Giacaman A1 - Khatib, R. A1 - Shabaneh, L. A1 - Ramlawi, A. A1 - Sabri, B. A1 - Sabatinelli, G. A1 - Khawaja, M. A1 - Laurance, T. AB -

We describe the demographic characteristics, health status, and health services of the Palestinian population living in Israeli-occupied Palestinian territory, and the way they have been modified by 60 years of continuing war conditions and 40 years of Israeli military occupation. Although health, literacy, and education currently have a higher standard in the Israeli-occupied Palestinian territory than they have in several Arab countries, 52% of families (40% in the West Bank and 74% in the Gaza Strip) were living below the poverty line of US$3.15 per person per day in 2007. To describe health status, we use not only conventional indicators, such as infant mortality and stunting in children, but also subjective measures, which are based on people's experiences and perceptions of their health status and life quality. We review the disjointed and inadequate public-health and health-service response to health problems. Finally, we consider the implications of our findings for the protection and promotion of health of the Palestinian population, and the relevance of our indicators and analytical framework for the assessment of health in other populations living in continuous war conditions.

SN - 1474-547X (Electronic)
0140-6736 (Linking) N1 - Journal article
Lancet. 2009 Mar 4. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The health-care system: an assessment and reform agenda JF - Lancet Y1 - 2009 A1 - Mataria, A. A1 - Khatib, R. A1 - Donaldson, C. A1 - Bossert, T. A1 - Hunter, D. J. A1 - Alsayed, F. A1 - Moatti, J. P. KW - *Health Planning Guidelines KW - Developing Countries KW - Efficiency, Organizational KW - Forecasting KW - Health Care Reform/*organization & administration KW - Health Planning Technical Assistance KW - Health Services Accessibility/organization & administration KW - Health Status Indicators KW - Health Transition KW - Humans KW - Interinstitutional Relations KW - Middle East KW - National Health Programs/*organization & administration KW - Needs Assessment/*organization & administration KW - Organizational Objectives KW - Organizations/organization & administration KW - Politics KW - Relief Work/organization & administration KW - United Nations/organization & administration KW - War AB -

Attempts to establish a health plan for the occupied Palestinian territory were made before the 1993 Oslo Accords. However, the first official national health plan was published in 1994 and aimed to regulate the health sector and integrate the activities of the four main health-care providers: the Palestinian Ministry of Health, Palestinian non-governmental organisations, the UN Relief and Works Agency, and a cautiously developing private sector. However, a decade and a half later, attempts to create an effective, efficient, and equitable system remain unsuccessful. This failure results from arrangements for health care established by the Israeli military government between 1967 and 1994, the nature of the Palestinian National Authority, which has little authority in practice and has been burdened by inefficiency, cronyism, corruption, and the inappropriate priorities repeatedly set to satisfy the preferences of foreign aid donors. Although similar problems exist elsewhere, in the occupied Palestinian territory they are exacerbated and perpetuated under conditions of military occupation. Developmental approaches integrated with responses to emergencies should be advanced to create a more effective, efficient, and equitable health system, but this process would be difficult under military occupation.

VL - 373 SN - 1474-547X (Electronic)
0140-6736 (Linking) N1 - Mataria, Awad
Khatib, Rana
Donaldson, Cam
Bossert, Thomas
Hunter, David J
Alsayed, Fahed
Moatti, Jean-Paul
Lancet. 2009 Apr 4;373(9670):1207-17. Epub 2009 Mar 4. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes of Palestinian women in the Occupied Palestinian Territory JF - Am J Health Behav Y1 - 2007 A1 - Abdullatif. Husseini A1 - Abu Rmeileh KW - *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice KW - Adolescent KW - Adult KW - Arabs/*education/psychology KW - Female KW - Health Surveys KW - HIV Infections/ethnology/*prevention & control/transmission KW - Humans KW - Middle Aged KW - Middle East KW - Prejudice KW - Public Opinion KW - Television KW - Women's Health/*ethnology KW - Women/*education/psychology AB -

OBJECTIVE: To explore Palestinian women's knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes towards HIV/ AIDS. METHODS: Data used in this study were collected as a part of the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2004 in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT). RESULTS: Most of the women in the OPT (93.4%) had heard of AIDS. They had fair general knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention methods and transmission. TV was the main source of information about HIV/AIDS. Among the determinants of HIV/AIDS knowledge identified by this study were education, region, and locality. CONCLUSION: A research-informed policy concerning HIV/AIDS prevention should be formulated.

VL - 31 SN - 1087-3244 (Print)
1087-3244 (Linking) N1 - Husseini, Abdullatif
Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen Me
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
United States
American journal of health behavior
Am J Health Behav. 2007 May-Jun;31(3):323-34. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Humiliation: the invisible trauma of war for Palestinian youth JF - Public Health Y1 - 2007 A1 - R. Giacaman A1 - Abu Rmeileh A1 - Abdullatif. Husseini A1 - Saab, H. A1 - Will Boyce KW - *Emotions KW - *Health Status KW - *War KW - Adolescent KW - Adolescent Psychology KW - Arabs/*psychology KW - Demography KW - Female KW - Humans KW - Male KW - Sex Factors KW - Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*psychology KW - Violence/psychology AB -

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of exposure to humiliation in war-like conditions on health status in 10th- and 11th-grade students living in the Ramallah District, West Bank, Occupied Palestinian Territory. STUDY DESIGN: A stratified single-stage cluster sample of 3415 students from cities, towns, villages and refugee camps of the Ramallah District. METHODS: Survey questions were derived from the World Health Organization's Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme Traumatic Event Checklist, and focus group discussions with young people. The survey questionnaire was completed by students in their classrooms, under the supervision of a trained field worker. RESULTS: There was a significant association between a high number of subjective health complaints and demographic variables, particularly for females compared with males, and refugee camp dwellers compared with village dwellers. In addition, exposure to humiliation was significantly associated with an increased number of subjective health complaints. Students experiencing three forms of humiliation were found to be 2.5 times more likely to report a high number of subjective health complaints compared with those who had never been exposed to humiliation (52% vs 21%), while those experiencing four forms of humiliation were three times more likely to report a high number of subjective health complaints (62% vs 21%). A multiple logistic regression model revealed that humiliation was significantly associated with a high number of subjective health complaints, even after adjusting for sex, residence and other measures of exposure to violent events. The odds ratio of reporting a high number of subjective health complaints increased as the number of forms of humiliation increased, with values of 1.69, 2.67, 4.43 and 7.49 for reporting a high number of subjective health complaints when exposed to one, two, three or four forms of humiliation, respectively, compared with those who had never been exposed to humiliation. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrate that humiliation induced by conflict and war-like conditions constitutes an independent traumatic event that is associated with negative health outcomes in its own right, regardless of exposure to other violent/traumatic events. Based on these findings, it is proposed that humiliation should be included as an indicator of mental health status in research that investigates the consequences of war and conflict on the health of populations.

VL - 121 SN - 0033-3506 (Print)
0033-3506 (Linking) N1 - Giacaman, Rita
Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M E
Husseini, Abdullatif
Saab, Hana
Boyce, William
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Public health
Public Health. 2007 Aug;121(8):563-71; discussion 572-7. Epub 2007 Jun 12. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Housing conditions and health in Jalazone Refugee Camp in Palestine JF - East Mediterr Health J Y1 - 2006 A1 - A. Al-Khatib A1 - Tabakhna, H. KW - *Health Status KW - Adolescent KW - Adult KW - Causality KW - Child KW - Child, Preschool KW - Crowding KW - Environmental Exposure/adverse effects/analysis KW - Family Characteristics KW - Fungi KW - Health Surveys KW - Humans KW - Humidity KW - Infant KW - Middle East/epidemiology KW - Occupations/statistics & numerical data KW - Population Density KW - Public Housing/*statistics & numerical data KW - Questionnaires KW - Refugees/*statistics & numerical data KW - Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology/etiology KW - Sampling Studies KW - Ventilation/statistics & numerical data KW - Waste Management/statistics & numerical data KW - Water Supply/statistics & numerical data AB -

We investigated some of the housing conditions at Jalazone Refugee Camp and their impact on refugees' health inside the camp, especially those with respiratory symptoms and diseases. A randomized sample of 200 housing units, representing one fifth of the camp's population, was selected. Approximately half of the people in our sample were under 15 years. Overcrowding and high population density were significant. There was a statistically significant relationship between some respiratory conditions (common cold, cough, tonsillitis and ear infection) and poor housing conditions (including damp and mould), overcrowding and high population density. A radical solution for the housing problem is needed to avert further negative health impacts.

VL - 12 SN - 1020-3397 (Print)
1020-3397 (Linking) N1 - Al-Khatib, I A
Tabakhna, H
Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
East Mediterr Health J. 2006 Jan-Mar;12(1-2):144-52. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Housing environment and women's health in a Palestinian refugee camp JF - Int J Environ Health Res Y1 - 2005 A1 - A. Al-Khatib A1 - Arafat, R. N. A1 - Musmar, M. KW - *Housing KW - *Population Density KW - *Refugees KW - *Women's Health KW - Adult KW - Aged KW - Aged, 80 and over KW - Arabs KW - Family Relations KW - Female KW - Health Surveys KW - Humans KW - Mental Health KW - Middle Aged AB -

This study was carried out during January and February 2002 in Al-Ein Refugee Camp in Nablus city in Palestine. Interviews were held with 150 women of different age groups and different marital status. The results show a positive relationship between women's physical and mental health and housing conditions. There is a statistically significant relationship between the family size represented by the number of children in the household, the number of children that sleep in one room, and the number of children that sleep in one bed, the house size, and number of rooms and women's feeling of privacy (mental health and well-being). Most of the houses in the camp are unhealthy and overcrowded. The family income is very low and there is a general poor health status of women in the camp. Most of the women do not know the conditions of a healthy house. The study shows the importance of housing reforms on the health of the family in general and women's health in particular, mainly in refugee camps.

VL - 15 SN - 0960-3123 (Print)
0960-3123 (Linking) N1 - Al-Khatib, Issam A
Arafat, Rania N
Musmar, Mohamed
International journal of environmental health research
Int J Environ Health Res. 2005 Jun;15(3):181-91. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Health sector reform in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT): targeting the forest or the trees? JF - Health Policy Plan Y1 - 2003 A1 - R. Giacaman A1 - H. Abdul-Rahim A1 - Wick, L. KW - *International Agencies KW - *Politics KW - administration KW - Arabs KW - Colonialism KW - Financing, Organized KW - Health Care Reform/economics/*history KW - Health Care Sector/*history/legislation & jurisprudence/organization & KW - History, 20th Century KW - History, 21st Century KW - Humans KW - Israel KW - Private Sector KW - Public Sector KW - United Nations KW - War AB -

Since the signing of the Oslo Peace Accords and the establishment of the Palestinian Authority in 1994, reform activities have targeted various spheres, including the health sector. Several international aid and UN organizations have been involved, as well as local and international non-governmental organizations, with considerable financial and technical investments. Although important achievements have been made, it is not evident that the quality of care has improved or that the most pressing health needs have been addressed, even before the second Palestinian Uprising that began in September 2000. The crisis of the Israeli re-invasion of Palestinian-controlled towns and villages since April 2002 and the attendant collapse of state structures and services have raised the problems to critical levels. This paper attempts to analyze some of the obstacles that have faced reform efforts. In our assessment, those include: ongoing conflict, frail Palestinian quasi-state structures and institutions, multiple and at times inappropriate donor policies and practices in the health sector, and a policy vacuum characterized by the absence of internal Palestinian debate on the type and direction of reform the country needs to take. In the face of all these considerations, it is important that reform efforts be flexible and consider realistically the political and economic contexts of the health system, rather than focus on mere narrow technical, managerial and financial solutions imported from the outside.

VL - 18 SN - 0268-1080 (Print)
0268-1080 (Linking) N1 - Giacaman, Rita
Abdul-Rahim, Hanan F
Wick, Laura
074986/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom
Historical Article
Health policy and planning
Health Policy Plan. 2003 Mar;18(1):59-67. U2 - 1457109 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Health Sector Reform: Review of Concepts and Critiques And An initial Review of the Palestinian Setting 2000 Y1 - 2000 A1 - R. Giacaman PB - Institute of Community and Public Health CY - Birzeit, Palestine ER - TY - RPRT T1 - The Housing Environment and Women's Health: The Case Study of Ramallah al-Tahta Y1 - 2000 PB - Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University CY - Palestine ER - TY - RPRT T1 - The Housing Environment and Women‘s Health: The Case Study of Ramallah al-Tahta Y1 - 1999 A1 - Maisoun Filfil PB - Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University CY - Birzeit, Palestine ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Health Education in the Context of National Liberation: A Case from Occupied Palestine Y1 - 1989 A1 - Moustafa Barghouti A1 - R. Giacaman ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Health Development in the Gaza Strip: A Case for the Support of Local Groups Y1 - 1987 A1 - Chris smith PB - Birzeit University CY - Palestine ER -